1914 Horsman Betsey Peterkin doll made of the
adtocolite formula made by Aetna
Aetna Dolls 1901-1925
The Aetna Doll & Toy
Company owned by Benjamin Goldenberg, was located in New York
City, they purchased the
American Doll and Toy Company 1892-1909 (advertised in 1907 that
they were the only makers of composition head dolls in the USA - made the
composition head 1907-1908 Fluffy Ruffles doll),
was also known as; The First American Doll Factory,
Goldstein & Hoffman
and The Hoffman Company
(owned by Solomon D. Hoffman).
In 1909 after Hoffman's death, Aetna acquired the famous patent and secret for
the "Can't Break Em" composition doll heads. These doll heads were meant to
compete with the huge German market of imported bisque dolls that were
ca. 1917-1919 Aetna trade marked a new material called
Adtocolite, this material was light, smooth and tougher than the
earlier can't break em composition heads, which were distributed by
Horsman. The Peterkin doll by Horsman is made of all adtocolite, when
the material cracks, circular bands can be seen, which is different
than the earlier can't break em composition material, which usually
shows a spidery type cracking.
Early Aetna dolls have a composition
shoulder or composition socket head with a doll identifying mark of F.A.D.F. F.R.
E.I.H © A.D. Co.