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Antique, Vintage Celluloid Dolls, Makers & Marks 1869+

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Tommy Tucker celluloid doll 17", Rheinische Gummi turtle mark

Tommy Tucker doll, 17" tall, all celluloid,

Rheinische Gummi turtle marking

 

Celluloid dolls are made from cellulose nitrate, alcohol, fillers and camphor pigments.  Celluloid dolls were made in: Bavaria, England, France, Japan, Germany, Italy (dolls from Germany were sent to Italy for the face to be painted), Poland, Spain and the USA.  

Early dolls had a celluloid head and limbs or partial limbs with a cloth stuffed body, this celluloid material is rather fragile.  About 1908 the material improved and the dolls were then made entirely of celluloid, and were now more durable.  

In the 1940s the USA outlawed the use of celluloid for dolls, as the material can be flammable if exposed to high heat or open flame, however, other countries continued to use the material long after the 1940s.  Also, the celluloid material deteriorates when exposed to moisture.

Celluloid Doll Makers and Identifying Doll Marks

 

Abt & Franke 1865-1922 (Prussia), made small celluloid with kid body dolls, dressed in a christening gown, Baby dolls that came in baskets, pillows and suitcases that also came with a trousseaux, all of very good quality, doll mark unknown.

 

Anel & Fraisse 1913-1929+ (FRA), factory in Muzy, France, after 1921 known as Anel & Fils, made celluloid babies, character dolls and children, doll mark unknown.  Succeeded by Tissier et Cie.

 

Anili Doll Company 1948-1986 (Italy), Anili is the daughter of Elena Scavini of Lenci, Anili is best known for their felt Lenci like cloth dolls, however they also made celluloid mask face dolls, dolls are marked with a circular paper tag, a heart symbol, Anili, Italy.

 

Apfelbaum & Batzner 1925-1927 (Bavaria) made petite doll house dolls in bisque or celluloid, doll mark unknown.

 

Arcy Toy Manufacturing 1912-1930 (USA), made bisque, celluloid and composition dolls, doll mark unknown.

JM Arnold 1918-1934 (GER), made celluloid and rubber dolls with molded painted hair and facial features, doll mark unknown.

Averill 1913-1965 (USA), Sunny Girl doll and Sunny Boy doll are both made of celluloid, doll mark a turtle symbol.

Baby Outfitters 1917-1918 (USA), made celluloid or composition dressed character dolls marked Bo-Peep American.

 

Bähr & Pröschild 1871-1919 (GER), bisque dolls, celluloid dolls with doll mark Buporit, bought by Bruno Schmidt in the 1930s.

 

Bauer & Richter 1922-1927 (GER), also called Rodaer Puppen und Spielwaren Fabrik, made ball jointed character dolls, porcelain children dolls, walking Mama dolls and celluloid babies, doll mark unknown.  Registered doll trademarks; Herzkaferchen (Lady Bug), Mein Kleiner Schlingel (My Little Rascal) and Asa-dor.

 

Bayerische Celluloidwarenfabrik 1897-1926 (GER), made celluloid child, character dolls, doll mark W in a circle.

Bayerische Celluloidwarenfabrik doll mark circle W

 

Berliner Celluloidfabrik 1895 (GER), also known as Kuntz & Company, applied for a patent tor make celluloid doll limbs, which are probably unmarked.

 

Best & Company 1902-1927 (USA), made dolls of glass, wood, composition, metal, celluloid, doll trade name Snuggles, doll mark unknown.

 

Betty Walker & Billy Walker dolls 1923 (GER & USA), unknown doll maker, celluloid dolls which a child puts their fingers into to boy and makes the dolls walk, doll mark U.S. Pat MAY, 30, 1922 GERMANY,  copyright by Alma Vogt 1923.

Betty Walker & Billy Walker doll mark U.S. Pat MAY, 30, 1922 GERMANY

 

Buschow & Beck 1888-1930s (GER), made metal head dolls, celluloid doll heads, both marked Minerva with a helmet symbol,  their USA partner was Alfred Vischer, dolls were distributed by Borgfeldt, Louis Wolf and Sears.

Buschow & Beck doll mark Minerva

 

Wilhelm Buschow 1896-1929 (GER), factory made celluloid (Schildkrote), rubber dolls, trademark Mein Herzenskind (My Sweetheart) used Simon & Halbig doll mold 126, Armand Marseille doll mold 342, 370, 410, 990.

 

Canzler & Hofffman 1906-1951 (W. GER), made stuffed leather dolls, celluloid dolls, miniature dollhouse dolls, doll mark Caho, after 1952 the company name changed to Caco Company 1952-1980s, new doll mark Caco.

 

Robert Carl 1895-1929 (GER), and successors, made bisque, wax-cloth, cloth & celluloid head dolls, doll mark Germany a circle RC inside.

Robert Carl doll mark Germany RC

 

Cellba Celluloid Warenfabrik or Schoberl & Becker 1923-1960s+ (GER) - made celluloid dolls, doll mark winged mermaid.

Schoberl celluloid dol Cellba marking - mermaid inside a shield

 

Celluloid doll marks - unidentified, unknown doll markers

Celluloid doll mark ASADA with a circle symbol & line

Celluloid doll mark ASADA with a circle symbol & line

Celluloid doll mark Circle with plus sign Japan

Celluloid doll mark a circle with plus sign Japan

Celluloid doll mark two diamond symbols 328

Celluloid doll mark S inside a circle Made in Japan

Celluloid doll mark S inside a circle Made in Japan

Celluloid doll mark fish circle like symbol Made in Japan

Celluloid doll mark a tubby fish circle like symbol Made in Japan

Celluloid doll mark a diamond symbol plus ? Made in Occupied Japan

Celluloid doll mark a diamond symbol plus ? inside Made in Occupied Japan

 

G. Covert & Co 1913+ (FRA), made celluloid dolls, doll mark a windmill symbol France.

G. Covert doll mark windmill symbol

 

Erich Dittmann 1945-1967 (GER), EDI dolls, made small celluloid dolls, ramp walker dolls dressed in Regional costumes, doll mark Edi D.R.G.M, Edi Germany, EDI Puppen.

 Erich Dittmann dill mark Edi Germany Puppen

Dovina Dolls 1960s? Rotterdam, Holland (NETH), made 8-19" tall, regional dressed celluloid, marked "Dovina" Rotterdam - Holland.

 

Stephan Erhard, also S. Erhard & Son 1887-1930 (ENG), made celluloid dolls, doll mark S.E.S, S E & S inside a diamond.

Stephan Erhard doll mark

 

Exeloid Co. 1918-1920 (USA), made lightweight celluloid Pyralin novelty dolls in blue, pink or white, doll mark is unknown or unmarked

 

Fabricus Toy & Novelty 1858-1914 (USA), jobber, sold celluloid dolls from various manufacturers.

 

Foulds & Freure 1911-1930+ (USA), jobber, sold imported German and Japan celluloid dolls, doll mark F & F NY INC

Foulds & Freure doll mark F & F NY INC

 

Giocattoli Brevettati Galetti or Galletti 1950s-? (ITALY) - made small celluloid souvenir dolls, doll mark symbol of two standing roosters facing, Made in Italy.

 

Otto Gans, Gans & Seyfarth 1901-1930s (GER), made bisque and celluloid dolls, doll mark OG, OGA.

 

Gerzon dolls 1925-1930 Holland, Netherlands, importer and distributor, advertised celluloid and composition dolls.

 

Oskar Günthel 1924-1925 (GER), made cellulose dolls in Gräfenroda, Thüringia, registered doll mark Helgünith.

Oskar Günthel doll mark Helgunith

 

Hambley Brothers 1760+ (ENG), import, exporter of celluloid & other dolls, doll mark Fums Up, Thumbs Up.

 

Heindrich Handwerck 1876-1932 (GER), was known for their bisque head dolls, but also made some celluloid dolls.

 

Carl Hartmann 1889-1930 (GER), exported small bisque and celluloid dolls, doll mark CH, GlobeBaby

 

Heber & Company 1900-1922 (GER), celluloid dolls, probably other type dolls, too, doll mark HC intertwined.

Heber & Company German celluloid doll mark HC

 

Hermsdorfer Celluloid Warenfabrik 1925-1927 (GER), made celluloid baby and child dolls, doll mark symbol of a Ladybug, a Marienkäfer, DA DA on the wings.

 

Theodore Hess & Co. 1918-1930 (GER), made all celluloid jointed dolls.

 

Carl Heumann 1918-1930 (GER), made celluloid baby with a bottle and suck a thumb dolls.

 

Carl Hoffmeister 1890-1925 (GER), made celluloid dolls with heads from Rheinische Gummi (turtle mark) and metal doll heads from Buschow & Beck with the doll mark Minerva with a helmet symbol.

 

Hollywood 1941-1926 (USA), made small celluloid dolls, doll mark a star with Hollywood around it.

 

Dr. Paul Hunaeus Celluloidwaren-Fabrik 1890-1930 (GER), made celluloid doll heads and dolls, doll mark PH intertwined, Igodi (by Johannes Dietrich), in 1930 merged with Rheinische Gummi (Schildkröt).

     Johannes Dietrich doll mark Igodi

Jumeau made celluloid dolls marked JUMEAU

Jumeau celluloid doll mark

 

Jacob Jung 1912 (GER) made celluloid dolls, doll mark a standing stork carrying a baby.

 

Irwin & Company 1926+ (USA), made cloth, composition, celluloid and hard plastic dolls, doll mark Irwin Made in USA, Non-Flam. 

 

Japan, celluloid doll marks, makers unknown - Symbol Doll Marks; origami bird, butterfly, fleur-de-listhree acorn leaves

Word Doll Marks; Japan, Japan Royal, Japanese character markings, Made in Japan, Made in Japan K + Nippon (made by the Nippon company), Made in Occupied Japan.

 

Kammer & Reinhardt 1886-1932 (GER), wax dolls, bisque dolls, cloth dolls, biscaloid (composition material that looks like bisque) and celluloid dolls marked K star R, K & R W, doll molds 301, 406, 700, 701, 717, 728, + others

 

Katagini Brothers 1930 (USA), made celluloid dolls, doll mark unknown.

 

Kestner 1805-1938 (GER), made wax dolls, bisque and celluloid dolls, JDK turtle symbol marking, plus many other doll marks.

 

Knickerbocker Doll & Toy Co 1925+ (USA), made some celluloid dolls, plus dolls of other materials.

 

Kohl & Wengenroth 1902-1926 (GER), made celluloid dolls, KW + a female figure symbol, doll mark IGODI (by Johannes Dietrich).

 Johannes Dietrich doll mark Igodi

 

Konig (Köenig) & Wernicke 1911-1935 (GER), made bisque & celluloid dolls, doll mark K & WW 29815 or 29817, inside a circle + the turtle mark below.

 

Kathe Kruse 1910-2001 (GER), made cloth dolls first, then celluloid dolls, doll mark Schultz KK Marke (1st K is backward).

 

Langfelder, Homma & Hayward 1921+ (USA), took over for Morimura, importer of bisque, celluloid dolls from Germany & Japan, as well as a distributor of composition and rubber dolls in the USA.

 

Le Minor Dolls 1936-1950s+ (FRA), made small celluloid dolls using heads made by Petitcollin, doll mark an eagle head with FRANCE beneath.

Le Minor doll mark eagle head France by Petitcollin,

Ernst Liebermann 1894-1938 (GER), made bisque and celluloid head character dolls and babies on ball jointed body, doll mark EL, ELI.

 

Lona Art Dolls 1927 (GER), used Rheinische Gummi marked celluloid heads on August Schmidt cloth bodies, doll marks Lona, D.R.P.

 

Ernest EG.M Luthardt 1868-1938 (GER), Lederpupenfabrik und Export = Factory and Exporter of leather dolls, also dolls made of bisque, China, celluloid, composition heads on leather, cloth or felt and composition bodies.  In 1929 began using the trademark name Luta.

Robert Maaser 1911-1930s (GER), made bisque, composition and celluloid heads on a jointed body.

 

Marks Brothers Company 1918-1930s (Boston, MA), importer of celluloid socket or shoulder head dolls, rag dolls, doll mark Marks Brothers.

 

Carl Meyer 1894-1921 (GER), made bisque, celluloid character dolls and babies.

 

August Möller & Sohn 1915-1928 (GER), advertised replacement bisque, celluloid and porcelain heads for child and baby dolls with human or mohair wigs, sometime later Möller made entire dolls with a bisque head dolly face or composition dolly face head, on a composition jointed body.  Möller also operated a doll hospital, doll mark AMUSO, doll molds 70, 100, 1920, doll name Jeannette.

 

Molls Doll Co 1950s-1960s (GER), made Trachten-Puppen (costume dolls) in celluloid, doll mark a symbol of two Scottie dogs playing tug of war.

 

Wilhelm G. Muller 1900-1930s (GER), exported celluloid heads made by Schildkröt, doll mark WEE GE M, WGM.

 

N.A.T.L. Novedad Arte Tomalidad Ingenio 1930-1950s (Spain), made art and souvenir dolls of celluloid.

 

Nürnberger Celluloidwaren Fabrik, Gebrüder Wolff 1910-1930+ (GER), made celluloid dolls and doll parts, including 1930 Lya die  Schwimmerin, a mechanical swimming doll with a celluloid head.

 

Palitoy Cascelluloid Co 1919-1968 (ENG), made composition, celluloid and hard plastic dolls.

 

Parisienne de Celluloisine Cie 1921 (FRA), made celluloid dolls and nonflammable dolls.

 

Parsons Jackson Co 1910-1919 (Ohio, USA) made dolls of biskoline a celluloid like material, modeled after real babies both white and black dolls, doll mark  KKK, Biskoline, and a standing stork symbol.

 

J. Paturel Et Cie 1925-1928 (FRA), made celluloid child and baby dolls in both white and black.

 

W. Payne & Son 1772-1927 (ENG), department store imported dolls from France, after WW II made of their own dolls in celluloid.

 

Alfred Pensky 1919-1930s (Bavaria), factory that made miniature bisque, celluloid and China dolls, doll mark Pehalo Hannalore.

 

Charles Perls Co 1916-1922 (ENG), made celluloid and composition dolls, doll mark is unknown or unmarked.

 

Petitcollin 1914-1950s+ (FRA), made celluloid doll heads, Marie-France, doll mark an eagle head with FRANCE beneath.

Petitcollin doll mark eagle head France

Preh GmbH dolls 1919 to present (GER), 1949+ made celluloid or plastic dolls mark Plasticbaby, symbol angel baby doll.

 

Michael Querzola dolls 1950s-1960s (ITALY) made small celluloid souvenir dolls, doll mark MQ a tree symbol Made in Italy

Michael Querzola doll mark MQ a tree symbol Made in Italy

Les Poupées Raynal 1922-1963 (FRA) - made cloth or felt dolls, some with celluloid faces, that are Lenci look a like dolls, may have a marking on the bottom of the shoes; Les Poupées Raynal or a cloth tag; Les Poupées Raynal Marque Depose Made in France.  From (1937-1963) doll mark rhodoid, a type of celluloid that was used for dolls and doll parts or maybe marked Raynal.

 

C. A. Reed 1924 (USA), made celluloid bride and groom dolls.

 

Goldmann Reich Co 1890-1927 (GER), made celluloid child and baby dolls with a bent limb body.

 

W. Reinick 1926 (GER), made bisque and celluloid head dolls.

 

Rempel & Breitung 1920-1930+ (GER), handled celluloid dolls and doll heads made by Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Co with a turtle mark, also made bisque heads and other items used by doll hospitals;  bodies, wigs, etc., bisque head doll mark 28 117 RB 1 1/4 thought to be by Rempel & Breitung.

Schultzmarke, turtle mark on celluloid dolls

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik doll mark symbol of a turtle

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Co 1873+ (GER)  Schildkrot (Schildkroet Puppen) - GER (made heads for other mfg's. too, Kestner, Kammer & Reinhardt, Averill) doll mark a turtle inside a diamond (as shown on left),  Schultzmarke and a turtle marking, doll names; 1926 Miblu doll, 1931 Wumbi doll and Mambi both black dolls. This company made lots and lots of celluloid dolls and doll heads.  Doll mold 30, 1928, plus many others.

 

Shown on right; Turtle mark, Tortulon and a number, Tortulon is a hard plastic type material used instead of celluloid by Rheinische Gummi in later years.

Turtle, Tortulon plastic material doll marking

Turtle mark Tortulon 50

 

 

Max Rudolph 1908-1930 (GER), made doll heads of bisque; doll mold 98, 342, celluloid Miblu heads; doll mold 350 and porzellanit (composition) heads doll mold 399, doll mark MR inside a W.

 

Louis Sametz 1918-1924 (USA), made celluloid child shoulder head dolls, Kewpies & Bye-Lo babies, doll mark an Indian head symbol American.

Louis Sametz doll mark American Indian head symbol

Henry Schanzer Company 1927 (USA), made small celluloid & composition dolls to dress in crocheted or knitted outfits. 

 

Karl Scheffler 1926-1930s (GER), made all celluloid child dolls, babies & celluloid head on a cloth body dolls.

 

Heinrich Schellhorn 1901-1935 (GER), made celluloid, imitation leather, cloth and porcelain head dolls and Mama dolls.

 

Gustave Schmey 1853-1930s (GER), exporter of celluloid dolls and others.

 

August Schmidt, Lona Art Dolls 1927+ (Lieben)  dolls have a celluloid head (Rheinische Gummi) with molded hair, cloth body, 14 & 15 1/5" tall, came with a wrist tag Lona.

Bruno Schmidt 1898-1930s (GER) - BSW in a heart + others, bought Bähr & Proschild (1871-1919) in the 1930s, made celluloid dolls + more, best known for Tommy Tucker & Wendy dolls.

 

Franz Schmidt Co 1890-1937 (GER), made bisque & celluloid heads, doll marks FS, F S & C, F S & Co., S & C.

 

Heinrich Schmuckler 1891-1928 (POL & CHEK), made wood, celluloid and cloth dolls, doll mark symbol of a rabbit with the word HeSli inside.

 

Schoberl & Becker 1923-1960s  (GER), also known as Cellba Celluloid Warenfabrik  celluloid doll mark a winged mermaid inside a shield.

Schoberl celluloid dol Cellba marking - mermaid inside a shield

Schreyer & Co 1912-1950s (GER), made celluloid dolls, used the doll mark Schuco.

 

Schwäbische Celluloidwarenfabrik 1913+ (GER) made celluloid products with dolls being made between 1930-1967, doll mark S symbol of a stork with a child on it's back

.Schwäbische Celluloidwarenfabrik celluloid doll mark S, stork carrying a child

Schwerdt Feger & Co 1904-1930 (GER), made felt dolls, some with a celluloid head covering.

 

Frau Mathilde Sehm 1869-1930 (GER), made fairytale dolls, doll house and celluloid baby & character dolls.

 

Sekiguchi Corp. 1918 to present (Japan), made celluloid dolls and toys, celluloid doll mark is a three leaf clover Made in JapanSekiguchi is still in business today, they currently make hard plastic and vinyl modern dolls; Bebichhichi, Coco, Momoko, Monchhichi and plush toys.

Sekiguchi celluloid doll mark 3 leaf clover Made in Japan

 

SFBJ - Societe Francaise de Fabrication de Bébé & Jouets 1899-1958 (FRA) made celluloid dolls, plus other materials, doll mark SFBJ.

 

SIDC - Societe Industrielle de Celluloid 1900-1927 (FRA), doll marks Sicoid, Sicoine, Siegfried, S / C & S.I.M.P and a trademark of a winged dragon or wyvern, with initials of N & M (Neumann & Marx their founders).

 

SNF - Societe Nobel Française 1927-1939 (FRA) formerly called SIDC see above, doll mark France SNF inside a diamond.

Societe Nobel Française SNF doll mark

 

SONSCO 1950s-1960s? (Japan), made celluloid dolls, some were mechanical walkers, doll mark Made in Japan on bottom of foot.

 

Société Sussfeld & Cie 1863-1930 (FRA), exporter and distributor; bisque heads also, celluloid & cloth dolls.  1917 registered doll marks; Clio Bébé Paris Marque Deposee, Thalie Bébé Paris Marque Deposee each with a standing and a seated doll.

Société Sussfeld & Cie doll mark Clio or Thalie bebe

 

Karl Standfuss 1898-1930 (GER), made metal head dolls with celluloid coatings, doll marks Juno.  A trade name was 1913 Cupido doll.

 

Steha Dolls and Toys 1940s-1960s (West Germany), was formed from the companies Hermann Steiner & Hauser, dolls made of celluloid, composition or hard plastic, doll mark ST, Steha.

 

Sunny Twin Dolly Co 1919-1920 (USA), made celluloid dolls.

 

Tissier & Cie 1920s-1930s (FRA) sold dressed and undressed celluloid dolls.

 

Ungarische Gummiwaren Fabrik 1894-1930s (Hungary) made celluloid and rubber dolls and doll heads.

 

Unger Doll & Toy Co 1929-1930 (USA), made character dolls possibly of celluloid.

 

Alfred Vischer 1894-1907 USA - partners with the German Buschow & Beck Co, made Minerva marked metal head dolls, possibly the Minerva marked celluloid heads, too, dolls were distributed by Borgfeldt, Louis Wolf & Co. and Sears.

 

Viscoloid Company 1901-1930s (Leominster, MA USA), in 1915 they were bought by DuPont, made celluloid dolls, doll mark USA VCO. 

Viscoloid Company celluloid doll mark USA VCO

 

Friedrich Voigt 1879-1930s (GER), manufacturer and exporter of bisque, celluloid and wood doll heads, doll mark Friona S 1879.

Friedrich Voigt doll mark Frivona

 

Carl Volker 1888-1930 (GER), sold bisque, celluloid dolls and bisque, celluloid heads on composition bodies.

 

Hermann VonBerg 1904-1930s (GER), made bisque, celluloid & composition head baby dolls, doll mark Germany H.v.B 500/K, Habeka.

Albert Wacker 1904-1930s (GER), made celluloid dolls and doll parts, doll mark W inside a circle.

Albert Wacker doll mark W inside a circle

 

Wallach 1914 (Bavaria) made composition head dolls on a cloth body with celluloid arms dolls.

 

Westo 1950s-1960s? (GER or SWT) made small celluloid tourist dolls, doll mark Westo.

Westo celluloid doll mark

 

Emil Wittzak 1862-1921 (GER), sold celluloid dolls as well as other types, doll mark King with a staff in a circle with the word trademark below.

Emil Wittzak doll mark

 

Württembergische Spielwaren Puppen Werkstaten 1924-1927 (GER), toy factory & doll shop, made celluloid dolls, doll mark HEIDEKOPF (picture of a man with back sack & walking staff) SPIELWAREN.

Wurttembergische Spielwaren Fabrik doll mark man with walking stick Heidekopf

P.R. Zast 1920s (Poland), made celluloid dolls with cloth bodies, Mask Face dolls, some with human hair wigs, glass eyes, doll mark ASK in a triangle, Poland beneath.

P.R. Zast doll mark ASK Poland in a triangle

 

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