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Composition Doll Marks 1899-1949

Barbie Dolls 1959+

Modern Dolls 1970s+

By Country

American | English

French | German

Rest of World

By Material 

Bisque | Celluloid

China | Cloth


Hard Plastic

Metal | Papier Mache

Rubber | Wax | Wood

By Type

Advertising Dolls

Antique Fashion Dolls

Automata Dolls

Baby Dolls

Black Dolls

Boudoir Dolls

Carnival Dolls

Dress Me Dolls

Googly Eye Dolls

Kewpie Dolls

Mama Dolls

Mask Face Dolls

Oriental Dolls

Patsy Type Dolls

Composition American doll 14", painted eyes, curly molded hair, cloth body

Composition Girl doll 14" tall, molded painted curly hair, painted eyes, cloth stuffed body, unmarked


So many composition dolls are unmarked.  Here are some doll marks or numbers on composition dolls made between 1899 - 1950s, that may help identify your doll.  The early composition doll's are made from glue, glycerin, zinc oxide and Japanese wax, it is a heavy, dense material, the coloring can be almost white, gray or brown.  Each manufacturer kept their exact "recipe" a secret. When the doll dried, it often was dipped into a pink tinted glue composition which was a thin layer (but not all dolls have this).  Then the doll was airbrushed with oil paint. 


By 1916 or so the manufacturers began using ground-up sawdust, also called "wood flour", which made a much lighter doll.  Now a "hot press method" could be used and the dolls dried even quicker, so production of the dolls was increased.  


If no country is listed after the company name, it's made in the USA. 

related Composition Doll Menu | Hard Plastic Doll Marks


Composition Dolls Marked with a Word or Letters


A - Averill, Ideal

ABC - A.B.C. Doll Shop by A.B. Cole, John & Lucinda McCourt

A.B.C. Toys - A.B.C. Toy Co.

ABD Co. - American Bisque Doll Co.

A.C. or A.D.C. - American Character Doll Co.

ACO, Inc. - Averill Co

Acorn symbol - A.D.C. American Made - Acorn Doll Co.

Acorn symbol - Babs Mfg. Co USA

ADC intertwined - American Doll Co. Chicago, IL, kewpie like dolls

A.D.C. American Made inside an acorn cap, - Acorn Doll Co.

A.D.C. - American Doll Co.

A.D. Co. - American Doll and Toy Co., Aetna Doll Co.

A.D. CO - Madame Alexander Doll Co.

A.D.T. - Atlas Doll Company, Chicago, IL

AE - Allied Grand Doll Manufacturing Co, Inc.

A.F. & C. Superior 2015 - A. Fleischmann & Cramer (German)

AGD - Allied Grand Doll Mfg. Co.

AIAX - The Toy Store, Sears Aunt Jemima doll

Alex. or Alexander - Alexander Doll Co.

A.M. - American Character, American Doll Co, Averill Doll Co,  

   Armand Marseille (German)

A.M. © Co., AM. copyright Co, A.M. Co. - Averill Doll Co

AM Doll CO. - American Doll Co.

A.P. - Les Artas du Papier (France)

AT, A T - possibly Atlas Doll Company

AX - Madame Alexander Doll Co, Molly-es

AZ - Alfredo Zellini dolls (Firenze, Italy), La Norina doll

Acme Toy or Toyshop - Acme Toy Co.

AMBISC - Louis Amberg & Son

Am. Char. or Amer. Char., -  America's Wonder Baby Dolls,

   America's Wonder Dolls - American Character Doll Co.

Amfelt - Louis Amberg, George Borgfeldt

AMUSO - August Möller & Sohn (German)

Alberani Milano - Alberani of Milano Italy

Angel symbol - Schilling & Zitzmann

Anne Shirley - Effanbee

ARCY - Arcy Toy Manufacturing Co.

Art Craft USA in an oval - 1918-1920 ArtCraft Toy Products Co.,

   in 1921 the name changed to ArtCraft Playthings Corp.

Atlantic Toy Co - Atlantic Toy Company

Aug. 4, 1919 - unknown doll maker, wooden Walking Doll



B & B - Baker & Bennett Co.

B.D.C. - Bester Doll Co

BKB - Beers, Keeler, Bowman Co.

BND - British National Doll (England)

Baby Blossom - Cameo Doll Co

Baby Brite - Averill Hendren

Baby Bumps - Horsman

Baby Hendren - Averill Doll mfg. Co.

Baby Joy - by Royal Toy Mfg. Co.

Baby Mine - Ideal

Baby Petite - American Character Doll Co.

Baby Sandy - Ralph A. Freundlich Co.

Baby Violet - Abraham & Strauss Co

Babyette - Effanbee Babyette doll

Bo-Peep American - The Baby Outfitters Co

Bottletot - American Character Doll Co.



© 1924 M.N.S. copyright 1924 MNS - Horsman Ella Cinders doll

© B. Lipfert, By B. Lipfert - Ideal Snoozie doll

© By Grace Corry, copyright by Grace Corry - Averill Doll Co. Little Brother doll & Sister doll

© Grace Storey Putnam - Bye-Lo Baby doll, various distributors

   - copyright Grace Storey Putnam

© L., copyright L. - unknown USA doll maker, WW I Nurse dolldoll mark Circle X

Circle X, circle with an X inside - Arranbee Nancy, Alexander Princess Elizabeth, Vogue

   Cynthia + others

C.D., C & D, C and D - Century Doll, Doll Corp of


C.P.M. - Charles Perls Mfg. Co. (England)

CAPO - Non-breakable Toy Co.

CDCO - Louisville Doll & Novelty Mfg Co

Campbell Kids - American Character, Horsman

Charmo Toys Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. - Cameo, Streak puppy dog

Commercial Toy Company Canada - doll mark on shoulder plate

Confetti Dolls - by Confetti Doll Co.


D&C, D & C - Dee an Cee or Diamond an Cone Doll Co, Canada

Dee an Cee - or Diamond and Cone Doll Co. Toronto, Canada

Dee and Cee or Dee & Cee - or Diamond & Cone, Canada

D.T.C. or D.T.M.C. - Dominion Toy Mfg. (Canada)

D.V. or Dee Vee - Davis & Voetsch - The Dee Vee Doll Co.

Darling - Irwin & Company

Dapper Dancing Dolls - S & H Novelty Doll Co.

DECO - Otto Denivelle, Averill, Effanbee Doll Co.

DEEandCee - Dee and Cee Toy Co. (Canada)

Des. Pat. 8-24-15 1914 Kate Silverman © - Maiden Toy Co.

DIANA - metal head by Alfred Heller (German)

DOE - Ideal Doll & Toy Co.

DOLL CO. - Toddles by Vogue

Doll Corp. of America - also known as Century Doll Co.

Dolly Dimple Liverpool - Nunn & Smeed (England)

Domec - DOMEC Toy Co., merged with Century Doll Co, & then

   became Doll Corp. of America

DP or D.P. - Dora Petzold (German)

Dream Baby - Arranbee Doll Co.


Eagle Doll - Eagle Doll company

E.D.M.A. - European Doll Mfg. Co. Inc.

E. G. - Eugene Goldberger, Eegee

E. I. H. or  E. I. H.©1910 - Horsman (plus other year numbers)

E.I.H.© A.D.C.,  E.I.H copyright A.D.C. - Horsman, American

     Doll & Toy Co. or Aetna Doll Co.

E.I. © H.C. - Horsman (Baby Horsman)

E.I.H © Co. Inc. - Horsman - E.I.H. copyright Co. Inc.

EICO - Cohen & Sons (English)

EL - unknown USA doll maker, possibly Ellar

Elco - L. Cohen & Sons

Elektra T. NC NY. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

Elektra T. N. C. NY. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

ELITE - Elite Doll Co USA, also known as Elite Creations, Inc.

Ellar - Ellar Novelty Co.

EM & S - Gebrüder Metzler & Orloff (German)

ENNCo - New Era Toy & Novelty Co

ESCO - Sommer, E. L. & Company (rubber)

ET & N Co. or E. T. & N Co - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

ETAN Co. N.Y. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co


F.A.D.F. - American Doll and Toy Co, Aetna Doll Co.

Fam Doll Co - Fam, Fam Doll Co.

Famlee - Berwick Doll Co, European Doll Mfg. Co.

FanB USA - Effanbee

FB or F & B or F & B U.S.A. - Effanbee Doll Co.

F + B - N.Y.  Dco, F + B Dco 6cj N.Y. - Effanbee Doll Co.

F.D.P. Co. - Federal Doll Mfg. Co.

FEMA - Beck & Company

Fiberoid - Fiberoid Doll Products, Alexander Doll Co, + others

Flexo Toys Pat. Applied For - Flexo Toys Co.

Florentine Toronto - Florentine Statuary Co. (Canada)

Fly-Lo Copyright G. S. Putnam - dist. by George Borgfeldt

F.O.P Co. - Federal Doll Mfg. Co.

FP - Frank Popper (England)

Freeman Toy, Toronto - Freeman Toy Co. (Canada)


G. B. - George Borgfeldt

GEM 401 - Gem Toy Company

Genuine Madame Hendren Doll - (ink stamp on body) Averill

Genuine Twinkie Doll Copyr. 1916 Eye Pat. Twinkies Specialty -


Georgene Baby - Averill Mfg. Co.

G. G. Drayton © - Grace Gebbie Weiderseim Drayton

   - Dolly Dingle doll, Bobby doll Sis doll, distributed by Averill

GTC - Giltoy Co. (Canada)

Gisela - Personality Doll (Spain)

GOLD DOLL - Eegee also known as Eugene Goldberger Doll Co.


Harriet © Flanders - Averill Doll Mfg. Co.  (Little Cherub)

H.B. or H.B.C. - Hudson Bay Company (Canada)

H.B. Co. - Taiyo Trading Company, New York USA

H.B.P. - unknown USA doll maker

H © C. - Horsman - H copyright C.

H © Co. - Horsman - H copyright Co.

H. C. Q. - Mfg. unknown USA, some dolls distributed by Averill

Hollywood Doll - Hollywood Doll Mfg. Co.

Honey Child - American Doll Co.

Hotsy Totsy - Gerling Toy Co.

Howdy Dowdy Bob Smith - Cameo

Hug Me or Hug-Me - Gem Toy Co, Regal Doll Mfg.

Hug Me Kiddie Pal Dolly - Regal Doll Mfg.

I.N. & T. CO. - Ideal Novelty & Toy Co.

ISCO - Indestructible Specialties Co.

IT - Louis Amberg & Son, Horsman


J (backwards) - WWI Nurse, unknown USA doll maker

JK or J. & K. - Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler

Jedco - Jeanette Doll Co. then Ralph Freundlich

Jiminy Cricket W.D. PR KN.T. Co. USA © - Knickerbocker

Just Lyke - Natural Doll Co.

JUNO - metal head by Karl Standfuss (German)


K & K or K & KX - K and K Toy Company

KB or Kaybee - Kaybee Doll & Toy Co

K.S. - unknown USA doll maker

Kanko - Albert Kahn & Co.

Keeneye - Victor Keney

Kewpie - Cameo Doll Co designed by artist Rosie O'Neill

Kewtie, Kewty - Arranbee

Kiddiejoy, Kiddie Joy - Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler

Kiddie Pal or Kiddie Pal Dolly or Kinky - Regal Doll Mfg. Co.

Kiddykin - Charles Perls Mfg. Co. (England)

Kurly Head - Arranbee Doll Co.


L. A. & S. - Louis Amberg & Son

L. A. S. - Louis Amberg & Son

L. C. - Laurie Cohen (Australia)

L. D. Co. - unknown USA doll maker

L. S. & S. - Louis Amberg & Son

LM & S - unknown USA doll & tin toy maker

L.Q.D. - L.Q.D. Company

LW & CO - Toddling Toodles doll by Louis Wolf & Co..

Lambkins, © Lambkins - Effanbee

Life-Like Doll or Lyf-Lyk doll - Averill Madame Hendren

Lignumfibro - New Toy Mfg Co

Lil Sis - Toy Products Mfg. Co.

Lilie - unknown American maker


M 16 - Louis Amberg & Son, George Borgfeldt

M & S - M & S Shillman

M.A.T. - Maiden America Toy Mfg. Co.

M.B.C. - Beehler Arts Doll Co.

M.D.C., MD & T C NY - Modern Doll Co

M.T.C. or M.T. Co. - Modern Toy Co.

M.V.D. - Moo-V-Doll Mfg. Co.

Madame Alexander - Alexander Doll Co.

Madame Hendren - Averill Mfg. Co. trade name

Made in U.S.A. Newbisc - New Toy Mfg Co

Mae Starr Doll - Effanbee

Martianna - unknown doll maker

METRO CO., METRO DOLL - Metropolitan Toy & Doll Co

Midolly DOLLS - New Toy Mfg. Co


N - 4 - the 4 is backward, unknown USA doll maker

N.D. or N.D. Co. © - Natural Doll Co or National Doll Co.

N.D. Co for JMR Co. - New Doll Co New York or Natural Doll Co.

N.T.I. - Nottingham Doll Mfg. Co. (England)

NAJO - National Joint Limb Doll Co.

Nancy - Arranbee Doll Co.

Nenco - New Era Novelty Co.

Newbisc The World's Doll - New Toy Mfg Co

Nibur inside a diamond - Nibur Novelty Co.

NINI KASPA - Julius Bernhold (France)

Nunsuch - Numm & Smeed (England)

Nutoi in a diamond, Made in U.S.A., Newbisc - New Toy Mfg.


Oteecee - Original Toy Co.


© P.P.P., copyright P.P.P., P. Puppet - Peter Puppet Playthings

P.M. - unknown USA doll maker

P.P. or P.P.N.Z. - Made in New Zealand

Pat. Appld. - Horsman, Lu Jon Colored Doll Co., (body twist doll)

Pat. Apr. 12.21 - Berwick's Famlee dolls

Pat Pending Gerling Toy Co - Gerling Toy Co USA DE FR UK

Pat. Pending - Wondercraft Co. (Bobbi-Mae swing n' Sway doll)

Patent In The USA, Other Patents Pending, Patents Applied

   For In Other Countries - 30336 on leg, Coleman Walking Doll

Patent Pending - Effanbee

Perfect Made in Canada - Perfect Doll Co. (Canada)

Perfect - Perfect Toy Manufacturing Co.

Pete Des. & Copyright by J.L. Kallus - Cameo

Petite, A Petite Doll, Petite Sally - American Character

Petite America's Wonder Baby Dolls - American Character

Pinocchio W. Disney Prods. Made in U.S.A. - Crown Toy Co

Phyllis - Bouton Woolf Co.

PL - Natural Doll Co.

Playmate - George Borgfeldt

Plaything - unknown USA doll maker

Princess - Unbreakable Doll Co.

Princess Elizabeth - Alexander Doll Co.

Pullan - Earle Pullan Doll Co. (Canada)

Puzzy c H.O.F.P. USA - House of Puzzy H. Cohan


Quaker Lity, Quaker Quality - Quaker Doll Co.

Quan Quan of California - made unmarked Oriental dolls


R B Dolls - Barron Reisman

R & B - Arranbee

R.B.L. - Roth, Baitz & Lipsitz

RCA Radiotrons - Cameo

R F L (inside a 3 leaf clover) - on some dolls by Averill Co.

R. T. Mfg. Co. - distributed by Averill Mfg Co.

Regal - Regal Toy Mfg Co. USA

Reliable Canada, Reliable Made in Canada - Reliable Toy Co.

Ritzy, Chubby Baby Dolls - Natural Doll Co. 

Rosebud - Horsman

Royal - Royal Doll Mfg.


SD - Standard Doll Company

S & Co. - David & Voetsch Co.

S.K. Novelty - S. Kirsch & Co.

S.T. - Shirley Temple made in Japan

Sally Petite - American Character

Sayco - Schoen & Yondorf Doll Co.

Seco - Strauss, Eckhardt & Co.

Shirley Temple + a number - Ideal

Sico, Sicora - Loffler & Dill Co. also called Eduard Schmidt

Sizzy c H.O.F.P. USA - House of Puzzy H. Cohan

Skippy © O. L. Crosby - Effanbee

Skookum Bully Good Indian - Arrow Novelty Co

S'Kooter Kid - New Era Novelty Co

Streak Des & Copyr. Jos. L Kallus - Cameo Streak puppy dog

Sugar Baby - Effanbee

Sunshine Line - Century, Marseille (German), Sears

T & P Co. - Toy Products Mfg. Co.

T.S. - The Toy Shop

T-23 - Ideal

TS 131 - Louis Amberg & Son

T.T. Co. - Horsman Uncle Sam's Kids, Kanko dolls by Albert Kahn

TTT - Tip Top Toy Co.

The Judy Girl - Regal Doll Mfg. Co.

The Mary Hoyer Doll - Mary Hoyer Doll Co.

Tobie Copyright 1932 - unknown USA doll maker

Toddles - Atlas Doll & Toy, Chicago

Toodles -  American Character, Horsman

Tootse - dist. by Butler Brothers

Toy Company - Acme Toy Co.

Toy Products Mfg. Co. - Toy Shop

Triangle symbol on back - unknown, possibly German

Trion - Trion Toy Co, some dolls were distributed by Averill

Trulie - Permolin Products

Tum Tum - Fleming Doll Co.


U ©, U copyright symbol - Uneeda Doll Co.

U.S.A. - Averill, Effanbee, Ideal

Uneeda - Uneeda Doll Co.

UNIS - Union National Inter Syndicale (France)


V.K. - Vera Kent (Australia)

Vanity - Mama doll by an unknown American doll maker


W & W - unknown, possibly Wislizenus & Wernike after 1931

W.D. - Walt Disney

W.D. Co or WDC - unknown USA, probably Well Made Doll Co.

W-K-S INC - Victor Keney - boudoir dolls - Keeneye

W.M.D.C. - Well Made Doll Co.

W.O.L. or WOL-CAL - Giltoy Co (Canada)

"We" Dolls - Toy Products Mfg. Co.


YamaYama Doll - New Era Toy & Novelty Co

Yankee Doll - Mitred Box Co.

Zaiden - Colonial Toy Mfg.


Composition Dolls Marked with Numbers usually found on the neck or back


3 O B - carnival doll, unknown USA doll maker

7c - Effanbee

13 USA - Arranbee, Ideal Doll & Toys, Madame Alexander, Vogue

15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 23, 24 - Ideal Doll & Toys

- 18, minus 18, Arranbee Taffy doll

16 - George Borgfeldt

16 USA - Arranbee, Ideal Doll & Toys, Madame Alexander, Vogue

24 - Effanbee Baby Huggins doll

27c - thought to be Effanbee

34 - Averill - Madame Hendren, Effanbee Grumpy doll

50 - Armand Marseille (German)

52 - Effanbee

54 - Effanbee

56, 58 DECO - Effanbee

60 - Bester Doll Co.

70 - Effanbee Betty Bounce doll, Tiny Tad doll

72 - Averill Dutch Girl, Effanbee's Betty Bounce doll (same mold)

78 - Bester Doll Co.

102 - probably Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll look a like

104 - Effanbee 1915 Smiling Grumpy doll

105 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll

106 backward - Effanbee Aunt Dinah doll black, Sm. Grumpy doll

108 - Effanbee Smiling Grumpy doll

118 - Our Baby doll by Horsman

124N - Effanbee

131 - Alexander Doll Co.

144 - Effanbee Baby Bright Eyes doll, Kämmer & Reinhardt;

        My Darling doll German

152, 156, 158 - Effanbee 1915 Johnny Jones doll

162, 166 - Effanbee Pouting Bess doll

172 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll, Baby Snowball doll

174 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll

201 - Effanbee

240 - Baby Phyllis Doll Co.

277 - Century Doll Co.

281 - Century Doll Co.

301 - S.F.B.J. = Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés & Jouets

       (France) bisque head composition body doll

302 - unknown USA doll maker

303 - Effanbee

334 - Effanbee, Käthe Kruse (German)

353 - Standard Specialty Company

364 - Effanbee 1915 Billy Boy doll

387 - unknown possibly;  Louis Amberg, Denivelle, Effanbee, Mitred

400 - Armand Marseille (German)

401 - Gem Toy Co.

450 - Mollyes

455 - Effanbee

462 - Effanbee Miss Coquette doll

494 - Louis Amberg & Son Pouty Pets doll

542 - Armand Marseille (German)

574 - Louis Amberg & Son Curly Locks doll

784 - Louis Amberg & Son Boy Doll

802 - thought to be Effanbee

803 - Kämmer & Reinhardt (German) composition doll

812 - Patsy type, German unknown maker

1124 - Bester Doll Co.

136167 - Jay Rue Novelty - Monko US Patent design no.

1221970, April 10, 1917 - Babs Walking Doll patent

1252469, January 8, 1918 - S. Marcus patent for celluloid eyes

1269056, June 11, 1918 - Louis Amberg & Son Walking Doll patent

1283558, 1918 - Effanbee Lovums patent & Patsy dolls after 1925

1621434, 1793395 - Ideal Cuddles patent numbers

1763930, 1796997 - Victor Keney boudoir doll patent numbers


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