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American Mama Dolls 1918-1940s+

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1918 Madame Hendren Life-Like Mama Doll, 24"

1918+ Madame Hendren Life-Like Mama Doll, 24"

This improved infant doll, that is now known to us as a Mama doll, was patented on June 11, 1918 by Averill - Hendren.  It has a composition flange head, cloth upper arms with partial composition lower arms and hands, a cloth stuffed wide torso body and straight swinging cloth legs with stitched heeled feet (exclusive to Averill's doll) to simulate walking, when led by the hand.

 

Not long after production had begun a voice box that cried Ma-Ma when tilted was added to the tummy - which is how these dolls got their name.  By 1921 Mama dolls were also patented in England.  Of note; during 1923, 80% of all dolls requested in the USA, were Mama dolls and with their popularity and preference, by 1926 costly production and high import tariff's, the German bisque doll market dominance, ended.

 

In 1927 Mama dolls with slimmer bodies and partial composition lower legs were introduced, about 1928 composition swivel shoulder heads with full composition limbs came into use and the dolls could stand unaided.  Around 1935 Mama dolls with stitched hips and composition lower legs with right and left feet appeared.

By the mid-1940s Mama dolls popularity had declined.

In 1946 hard plastic began to replace the composition material, as with other dolls know by "type", many Mama dolls are unmarked.

 

 

Alphabetical list of known makers or distributors of Mama Dolls

(1920s+ most makers of composition doll products made Mama dolls,

as did all twenty-six members of the American Doll Manufacturers' Association)

ABC Toy Co.

Acme Toy Co.

Alexander Doll Co.

Louis Amberg

American Character Doll Co.

Arcy Toy Manufacturing Co.

Arranbee (R & B)

Atlantic Toy & Manufacturing Co.

Atlas Doll & Toy Co.

Averill - Hendren Doll Co

Baby Phyllis Doll Co.

Albert Bruckner & Sons

Bing Brothers

Butler Brothers

Century Doll Co. (bisque heads, German made)

Chessler Doll Co.

L. Cohen & Sons

Davis & Voetsch

Domec

Eegee (Goldberger)

Effanbee (F & B)

European Doll Manufacturing Co.

Gem Doll & Toy Co.

Gerling Toy Co.

Goodyear Toy Co.

L. Herman

Bernhard Hermann

Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler

Hoest & Henderson

Horsman

Ideal Doll & Toy Co.

Jeannette Doll Co. (Freundich)

K & K Toy Co.

Katagini Brothers

J. H. Kletzin Co.

Loffler & Dill

Louisville Doll & Novelty Co.

Metropolitan Doll Co.

M & S Shillman Doll Co.

Modern Doll Co.

Montgomery Wards

Mutual Novelty Co.

National Doll Co.

Natural Doll Co.

Nibur Novelty Co.

Original Doll Co.

Paramount Doll Co.

Penn Stuffed Toy Co.

Perfect Toy Manufacturing Co.

Pollyanna Doll Co.

M. Pressner & Cop.

Primrose Doll Co.

R. B & L. Manufacturing Co.

Regal Doll Manufacturing Co.

Reisman, Barron Co.

Reliable Manufacturing (Canada)

Royal Doll Manufacturing Co.

Russell (England)

S & S Doll Co.

Sayco (Schoen & Yondorf)

Albert Schoenhut Doll Co.

Sears

Self Sell Doll Co.

Seymour (England)

Shaw Doll Co.

Star Doll & Toy Co.

F.A.O. Swartz

Uneeda Doll Co.

Well Made Doll Co.

Louis Wolf & Co.

 

* Makers of bisque head German Mama dolls;  K & K Toy Co., Kämmer & Reinhardt, JD Kestner,

** Makers of Mama doll voice boxes; Leo Grubman, B. E. Lloyd, Louis V. Aronson Voices, Inc.

 

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