1904 Albert Bruckner, for Horsman,
Babyland Rag Cloth Doll, 13" tall
of New York City, manufactured cloth mask faced dolls from 1901-1930. He was by
trade a lithographer, while watching a friend work on a rag doll, he
conceived the idea of embossing the features on with a mask. He
patented the idea in 1901 and established a full line of rag dolls
using this method.
Some of Bruckner's dolls were sold as
part of Horsman's Babyland Rag Doll
series. They made white
or black rag dolls, also topsy-turvy dolls which when turned
upside down, an entirely different doll is displayed and the clothing or
skirt would cover the torso and head of the other doll.
By at least 1925 Albert Bruckner's sons succeeded him, who then introduced Mama dolls,
as well as the cloth rag dolls.
Albert Bruckner Babyland cloth doll mark Pat'd July 8th 1901
Albert Bruchner Doll Made in U.S.A. label