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Antique, Vintage Celluloid Dolls, Makers & Marks 1869+

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Tommy Tucker celluloid doll 17", Rheinische Gummi turtle mark

Tommy Tucker doll, 17" tall, all celluloid, Rheinische Gummi turtle marking

Celluloid dolls are made from cellulose nitrate, alcohol, fillers and camphor pigments.  Celluloid dolls were made in: Bavaria, England, France, Japan, Germany, Italy (dolls from Germany were sent to Italy for the face to be painted), Poland, Spain and the USA.

 

Early dolls had a celluloid head and limbs or partial limbs with a cloth stuffed body, this celluloid material is rather fragile.  About 1908 the material improved and the dolls were then made entirely of celluloid and were now more durable.

 

In the 1940s the USA outlawed the use of celluloid for dolls, as the material can be flammable if exposed to high heat or open flame, however, other countries continued to use the material long after the 1940s.  Also, the celluloid material deteriorates when exposed to moisture.

 

Celluloid Doll Marks Identified

Anili Doll Company celluloid mask face doll mark a circular paper hang tag, on bottom of foot Anili

Schultzmarke, turtle mark on celluloid dolls

Averill  Sunny Girl doll and Sunny Boy celluloid doll mark the turtle symbol of Rheinische Gummi

Baby Outfitters dolls mark Bo-Peep American

Bahr & Proschild doll mark Buporit

Bähr & Pröschild celluloid doll mark Buporit, 1930s see Bruno Schmidt

Bayerische Celluloidwarenfabrik doll mark circle W

Bayerische Celluloidwarenfabrik doll mark W in a circle

Buschow & Beck doll mark Minerva

Buschow & Beck doll mark Minerva with a helmet symbol.

Wilhelm Buschow doll mark Mein Herzenskind (My Sweetheart)

Wilhelm Buschow doll mark Mein Herzenskind (My Sweetheart)

Canzler & Hoffman doll mark Caho C & H

1906-1951 Canzler & Hoffman doll mark Caho C & H, see next

Canzler & Hoffman, Caco Company doll mark Caco

Canzler & Hoffman name change, 1952-1980s Caco Company doll mark Caco

Robert Carl doll mark Germany RC

Robert Carl doll mark Germany RC inside circle

Schoberl celluloid dol Cellba marking - mermaid inside a shield

Cellba Celluloid Warenfabrik or Schoberl & Becker doll mark winged mermaid symbol on a shield.

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Celluloid Doll Marks - Unidentified, Unknown doll markers

Celluloid doll mark AJ inside a triangle German

Celluloid doll mark AJ inside a triangle German

Celluloid doll mark ASADA with a circle symbol & line

Celluloid doll mark ASADA with a circle symbol & line

Celluloid doll mark two diamond symbols 328

Celluloid doll mark E.S. Germany, small doll house sized dolls

Celluloid doll mark E.S. Germany, small doll house sized dolls

Celluloid doll mark IK inside triangle

Celluloid doll mark IK inside a triangle

Celluloid German doll mark 00.

Celluloid doll mark 00. German

Celluloid doll mark Penguin symbol

Celluloid doll mark Penguin symbol PATENT

Celluloid doll mark HC intertwined - unknown

Celluloid doll mark HC intertwined - possibly German

Celluloid doll mark diamond with a cross with double lines, possibly Japan

Celluloid doll mark diamond with a cross with double lines, possibly Japan

 

Celluloid Novelty Company 1874-1891 (USA) Newark, NJ celluloid jewelry and other fancy goods mark CNCo. intertwined.

Celluloid Novelty Company mark CNCo. intertwined

 

Convert & Company 1911-1930+ (FRA), made celluloid dolls, 1930+ Nani & Nano baby dolls, doll mark a windmill symbol France.

Convert & Company celluloid doll mark windmill symbol France

 

Erich Dittmann 1945-1967 (GER), EDI dolls, made small celluloid dolls, ramp walker dolls dressed in Regional costumes, doll mark Edi D.R.G.M, Edi Germany, EDI Puppen.

 Erich Dittmann celluloid doll mark Edi DRGM          Erich Dittmann dill mark Edi Germany Puppen           

 

Dovina Dolls 1960s? Rotterdam, Holland (NETH), made 8-19" tall, regional dressed celluloid, head marked VH, label mark Dovina Rotterdam - Holland.

Dovina doll mark head Vh, label Dovina Rotterdam-Holland

 

Stephan Erhard, also S. Erhard & Son 1887-1930 (ENG), made celluloid dolls, doll mark S.E.S, S E & S inside a diamond.

Stephan Erhard doll mark

 

Exeloid Company 1918-1920 (USA), made lightweight celluloid Pyralin novelty dolls in blue, pink or white, doll mark XLCO Made in U.S.A. 

Exeloid Company celluloid doll & toys mark XLCO Made in USA

Foulds & Freure 1911-1930+ (USA), jobber, sold imported German and Japan celluloid dolls, doll mark F & F NY INC.

Foulds & Freure doll mark F & F NY INC

 

Giocattoli Brevettati Galetti or Galletti 1950s-? (ITALY) - made small celluloid souvenir dolls, doll mark symbol of two standing roosters facing, Made in Italy.

Galletti celluloid doll mark two Roosters symbol Italy

 

Otto Gans, Gans & Seyfarth 1901-1930s (GER), made bisque and celluloid dolls, doll mark OG, OGA.

Otto Gans doll mark OG

 

Oskar Günthel 1924-1925 (GER), made cellulose dolls in Gräfenroda, Thüringia, registered doll mark Helgünith.

Oskar Günthel doll mark Helgunith

 

Hamley Brothers 1760+ (ENG), import, exporter of celluloid & other dolls, doll mark Buster Brown, Fums Up, Thumbs Up.

 

Heindrich Handwerck 1876-1932 (GER), was known for their bisque head dolls, but also made some celluloid dolls.

 

Carl Hartmann 1889-1930 (GER), exported small bisque and celluloid dolls, doll mark CH, GlobeBaby.

Carl Hartmann doll mark CH, Globe Baby

 

Hermsdorfer Celluloid Warenfabrik 1925-1927 (GER), made celluloid baby and child dolls, doll mark symbol of a Ladybug, a Marienkäfer, DADA on the wings.

Hermsdorfer Celluloidwaren-fabrik celluloid doll mark DADA a ladybug (Mark Marienkafer)

 

Carl Hoffmeister 1864-1925 (GER), made celluloid dolls with heads from Rheinische Gummi (turtle mark) and metal doll heads from Buschow & Beck with the doll mark Minerva with a helmet symbol.

 

Hollywood Doll Company 1941-1926 (USA), made small celluloid dolls, later they made the small dolls in hard plastic, doll mark A Hollywood Doll around a star symbol.

A Hollywood Doll mark

 

Jouets de Strasbourg Joustra Toy Company 1932-1999 - made small dressed celluloid dolls, clothing has a cloth label sewn with the name Joustra.

 

Dr. Paul Hunaeus Celluloidwaren-Fabrik 1864-1930 (GER), made celluloid doll heads and dolls, doll mark PH intertwined, Igodi (by Johannes Gotthilf Dietrich), in 1930 merged with Rheinische Gummi (Schildkröt).

 Johannes Dietrich doll mark Igodi

 

Japan celluloid dolls, doll makers and doll marks page

 

Jumeau / SFBJ made celluloid dolls marked JUMEAU.

Jumeau celluloid doll mark

 

Jacob Jung 1912 (GER) made celluloid dolls, doll mark a standing stork carrying a baby.

Jacob Jung doll mark standing stork carrying a baby.
Irwin & Company 1926+ (USA), made cloth, composition, celluloid and hard plastic dolls, doll mark Non-Flam circle Irwin Made in USA.
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Irwin & Company 1926+ (USA), made cloth, composition, celluloid and hard plastic dolls, doll mark Non-Flam circle Irwin Made in USA.

Irwin & Company doll mark Non-Flam circle Irwin made in USA

 

Kammer & Reinhardt 1886-1932 (GER), wax dolls, bisque dolls, cloth dolls, biscaloid (composition material that looks like bisque) and celluloid dolls marked K star R, K & R W, doll molds 301, 406, 700, 701, 717, 728, + others.

 

Kestner 1805-1938 (GER), made wax dolls, bisque and celluloid dolls marked JDK turtle symbol for Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Co, plus many other doll marks, see the Kestner page.

Kestner doll mark JDK 214 turtle symbol

 

Knickerbocker Doll & Toy Company 1925+ (USA), made some celluloid dolls, plus dolls of other materials.

 

Kohl & Wengenroth 1902-1926 (GER), made celluloid dolls, KW + a female figure symbol, doll mark IGODI (by Johannes Dietrich).

           Johannes Dietrich doll mark Igodi

Konig (Köenig) & Wernicke 1911-1935 (GER), made bisque & celluloid dolls, WW 29815 or K & WW 29817 with or without the turtle mark.

Konig & Wernicke doll mark K & WW 29815         Konig & Wernicki doll mark K & WW 29817 turtle symbol

Henri Orthon Kratz-Boussac 1892-1910 (FRA), made celluloid dolls, registered in 1906 doll mark L'Aiglon, an Eagle symbol.

 

Kathe Kruse 1910-2001 (GER), made cloth dolls first, then celluloid dolls, doll mark Schultz KK Marke (1st K is backward).

Kathe Kruse doll mark Schultz KK Mark

 

Le Minor Dolls Petitcollin, eagle head with FRANCE

Le Minor doll mark eagle head France by Petitcollin,

 

Ernst Liebermann 1894-1938+ (GER), made bisque and celluloid head character dolls and babies on ball jointed bodies, doll mark EL, ELI.

 Ernst Liebermann doll mark EL Ernst Liebermann doll mark ELI

 

Ernest EG.M Luthardt 1868-1938 (GER), Lederpupenfabrik und Export dolls, also dolls made of bisque, China, celluloid, composition heads on leather, cloth or felt and composition bodies.  In 1929 began using the doll mark Luta Germany

Ernest EG.M Luthardt doll mark Luta Germany

Marks Brothers Company 1918-1930s (Boston, MA), importer of celluloid socket or shoulder head dolls, rag dolls, doll mark Marks Brothers.

Marks Brothers Company doll mark

 

Aiba Kintoro Marugane dolls 1920s (Tokyo Japan), not much is known of this company, they made celluloid dolls, mark is a symbol of an umbrella (or an arrow pointing up) with the pole as the center in roman numeral III all inside a circle MADE IN NIPPON.

Aiba Kintoro Marugane celluloid doll mark symbol of an umbrella (or an arrow pointing up) with the pole as the center in roman numeral III all inside a circle MADE IN NIPPON

  August Möller & Sohn 1915-1928 (GER), advertised replacement bisque, celluloid and porcelain heads for child and baby dolls with human or mohair wigs, sometime later Möller made entire dolls with a bisque head dolly face or composition dolly face head, on a composition jointed body.  Möller also operated a doll hospital, doll mark AMUSO, doll molds 70, 100, 1920, doll name Jeannette.

August Moller doll mark AMUSO 100 Made in Germany

Moll's Doll Company 1950s-1960s (GER), made small Trachten-Puppen (costume dolls) in celluloid, doll mark tag in red and white Moll's a symbol of a girls face Trachten-Puppen.

Moll's Doll Company mark doll marks a symbol of a girls face Trachten-Puppen tag  

Wilhelm G. Muller 1900-1930s (GER), exported celluloid heads made by Schildkröt, doll mark WEE GE M, WGM.

Wilhelm G. Muller doll mark Wee Ge M label
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Adelheid Nogler Innsbruck Doll Company 1937+ (AUSTRIA) made small all celluloid boy or girl dolls dressed in Austria costume, doll mark winged mermaid of Cellba Celluloid Warenfabrik or Schoberl & Becker.

Schoberl celluloid doll Cellba marking - mermaid inside a shield

 P & N Doll Company, dates unknown (country unknown), made celluloid black baby dolls, some dolls are wear ethnic or exotic jewelry; earrings and necklace, some dolls wear a grass skirt, doll mark P & N with a dragonfly symbol.

P & N doll shoes mark bug or dragonfly symbol inside a square border

 

Palitoy Cascelluloid Company 1919-1968 (ENG), made composition, celluloid and hard plastic dolls marked Palitoy.

 

Parsons Jackson Company 1910-1919 (Ohio, USA) made dolls of biskoline a celluloid like material, modeled after real babies both white and black dolls, doll mark  KKK, Biskoline and a standing stork symbol.

Parsons Jackson doll mark standing Stork symbol

 

Petitcollin 1900-present (FRA), made celluloid doll heads, doll mark Téte d'Aigle, an eagle head with FRANCE beneath.

Petitcollin doll mark eagle head France tete d'aigle

 

Preh Werke GmbH 1919 to present (GER), 1949+ made celluloid or plastic dolls mark Plasticbaby inside symbol of an angel.

Preh Werke GmbH doll mark Plasticbaby Germany

 

 

Michael Querzola dolls 1950s-1960s (ITALY) made small celluloid souvenir dolls, doll mark MQ a tree symbol Made in Italy

Michael Querzola doll mark MQ a tree symbol Made in Italy

 

Les Poupées Raynal 1922-1963 (FRA) - made cloth or felt dolls, some with celluloid faces, that are Lenci look a like dolls, may have a marking on the bottom of the shoes Les Poupées Raynal or a cloth tag; Les Poupées Raynal Marque Depose Made in France.  From 1937 to 1963 used doll mark rhodoid or Raynal or both names, rhodoid is a type of celluloid

 

Rempel & Breitung 1920-1930+ (GER), handled celluloid dolls and doll heads made by Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Co with a turtle mark, also made bisque heads and other items used by doll hospitals;  bodies, wigs, etc., bisque head doll mark 265 117 RB 01/2 thought to be by Rempel & Breitung.

 

Rempel & Breitung doll mark dolls shoulder head symbol      Rempel & Breitung doll mark 265 117 RB  01/2

 

Schultzmarke, turtle mark on celluloid dolls

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid-Fabrik doll mark turtle symbol inside a diamond

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid-Fabrik (Rhenania Rubber and Celluloid Factory) 1873+ (GER)  Schildkrot (Schildkroet Puppen) - used the doll mark of a turtle symbol, a turtle inside a diamond, a turtle inside a diamond Schultzmarke, some doll names; 1926 Miblu 1931 Wumbi Mambi both black, lots of celluloid and rubber dolls and doll heads. 30, 50, 1928, plus many others.  They also made heads for other manufacturers; Kestner, Kammer & Reinhardt, Averill, plus others.  

Shown on Turtle mark, Tortulon and a number, Tortulon is a hard plastic type material used instead of celluloid by Rheinische Gummi in later years.

 

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid-Fabrik body stamp 447828

Turtle, Tortulon plastic material doll marking

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid-Fabrik doll mark turtle symbol inside a diamond Tortulon 50

 

Rheinische Gummi und Celluloid Fabrik Company;  Schildkröt Juwel celluloid doll, 12-25" tall, boy dolls or girl dolls have been found, both with deeply molded lightly painted brown hair, blue sleep eyes, real upper eyelashes, closed mouth, jointed body, the 25" size has a voice box, doll mark Juwel 34, Juwel 45, Juwel 64, plus other numbers.

Schildkrot celluloid doll mark Juwel 34 German       Schildkrot celluloid doll mark Juwel 64 German

 

Petrasch Rosenaur 1940s-1950s (Salzburg, Austria) doll mark doll head on top of half world globe Gobaly.

Petrasch Rosenaur doll mark doll on top of half world globe Gobaly

 

Max Rudolph 1908-1930 (Waltershausen, GER), made doll heads of bisque; doll mold 98, 342, celluloid Miblu heads; doll mold 350 and porzellanit (composition) heads doll mold 399, doll mark MR inside a W 1908.

Max Rudolph doll mark MR inside W 1908

 

Louis Sametz 1918-1924 (USA), made celluloid child shoulder head dolls, Kewpies & Bye-Lo babies, doll mark an Indian head symbol American.

Louis Sametz doll mark American Indian head symbol  

Schmider Doll Company 1950s-1960s (GER), made small celluloid Trachten-Puppen,, dolls dressed in traditional costumes, doll mark Schmider hang tag.

Schmider Doll Company doll mark tag

 

August Schmidt, Lona Art Dolls 1927+ (Lieben)  dolls have a celluloid head (Rheinische Gummi) with molded hair, cloth body, 14 & 15 1/5" tall, came with a wrist tag Lona.

August Schmidt doll mark Lona label

Bruno Schmidt 1898-1930s (GER) - BSW in a heart + other marks, bought Bähr & Pröschild in the 1930s, made celluloid dolls + more, best known for Tommy Tucker & Wendy dolls.

 

Franz Schmidt Company 1864-1937 (GER), made bisque & celluloid heads, bisque doll marks FS, F S & C, F S & Co., S & C.

 

Heinrich Schmuckler 1891-1928 (POL & CHEK), made wood, celluloid and cloth dolls, doll mark symbol of a rabbit with the word HeSli inside.

Heinrich Schmuckler doll mark rabbit symbol Hesli

 

Schoberl &Becker 1923-1960s  (GER), also known as Cellba Celluloid Warenfabrik  celluloid doll mark a winged mermaid inside a shield.

Schoberl celluloid dol Cellba marking - mermaid inside a shield

 

Schreyer & Company 1912-1950s (GER), made cloth character dolls, celluloid dolls, used the doll mark Schuco.

Schreyer doll mark Schuco

 

Schwäbische Celluloidwarenfabrik 1913+ (GER) made celluloid products with dolls being made between 1930-1967, doll mark Ssymbol of a stork with a child on it's back. Schwäbische Celluloidwarenfabrik celluloid doll mark S, stork carrying a child

 

SFBJ - Societe Francaise de Fabrication de Bébé & Jouets 1899-1958 (FRA) made celluloid dolls, plus other materials, doll mark SFBJ.

 

SIDC - Societe Industrielle de Celluloid 1900-1927 (FRA), doll marks Sicoid, Sicoine, Siegfried, S / C & S.I.M.P and a trademark of a winged dragon or wyvern with initials of N & M (Neumann & Marx their founders).

Societe Industrielle de Celluloid doll mark France SIC      Societe Industrielle de Celluloid doll mark Sicoine SieA France

 

SNF - Societe Nobel Française 1927-1939 (FRA) formerly called SIDC see above, doll mark France SNF inside a diamond.

Societe Nobel Française SNF doll mark

 

SONSCO 1950s-1960s? (Japan), made celluloid dolls, mechanical walkers, doll mark Made in Japan on bottom of foot.

 

Société Sussfeld & Cie 1863-1930 (FRA), exporter and distributor; bisque heads also, celluloid & cloth dolls.  1917 registered doll marks; Clio Bébé Paris Marque Deposee, Thalie Bébé Paris Marque Deposee each with a standing and a seated doll.

Société Sussfeld & Cie doll mark Clio or Thalie bebe

 

Karl Standfuss 1898-1930 (GER), made metal head dolls with celluloid coatings, doll marks Juno.  A trade name was 1913 Cupido doll.

Karl Standfuss doll mark JUNO

 

Steha Dolls and Toys ca. 1940s-1960s (West Germany), was formed from the companies Hermann Steiner & Hauser, dolls made of celluloid, composition or hard plastic, doll mark ST, Steha.

Steiner & Hauser doll mark STEHA

 

Sunny-Twin Dolly Co 1919-1920 (Los Angeles, USA), made dressed celluloid dolls.

Sunny-Twin Dolly Company doll mark Sunny-Twin Dollies

 

Unger Doll & Toy Co 1929-1930 Milwaukee, WI (USA), made character and comic character dolls made of chalk ware with a cellulose lacquer finish, doll trade mark Cell-U-Pon, doll mark label UNGER DOLL & TOY CO. MILWAUKEE, WIS.

Unger Doll & Toy Co. doll mark label UNGER DOLL & TOY CO. MILWAUKEE, WIS

 

Alfred Vischer 1894-1907 USA - partners with the German Buschow & Beck Co, made Minerva marked metal head dolls, possibly the Minerva marked celluloid heads too, dolls were distributed by Borgfeldt, Louis Wolf & Co. and Sears.

 

Viscoloid Company 1901-1930s (Leominster, MA USA), in 1915 they were bought by DuPont, made celluloid dolls, doll mark USA VCO.

Viscoloid Company celluloid doll mark USA VCO

 

Friedrich Voigt 1879-1930s (GER), manufacturer and exporter of bisque, celluloid and wood doll heads, doll mark Frivona S 1879 with a sunrise symbol.

Friedrich Voigt doll mark Frivona S 1879 sunrise symbol

 

Hermann VonBerg 1904-1930s (GER), made bisque, celluloid & composition head baby dolls, doll mark Germany H.v.B 500/K, Habeka.

 

Albert Wacker 1904-1930s (GER), made celluloid dolls and doll parts, doll mark W inside a circle.

Albert Wacker doll mark W inside a circle

 

Westo 1950s-1960s? (GER or SWT) made small celluloid tourist dolls, doll mark Westo.

Westo celluloid doll mark

 

Emil Wittzak 1862-1921 (GER), sold celluloid dolls as well as other types, doll mark King with a staff in a circle with the word trademark below.

Emil Wittzak doll mark King with a staff in a circle trademark

 

Württembergische Spielwaren Puppen Werkstaten 1924-1927 (GER), toy factory &doll shop, made celluloid dolls, doll mark HEIDEKOPF (picture of a man with back sack & walking staff) SPIELWAREN.

Wurttembergische Spielwaren Fabrik doll mark man with walking stick Heidekopf

 

P.R. Zast 1920s (Poland), made celluloid Mask Face dolls, cloth body, some with human hair wigs, glass eyes, doll mark ASK in a triangle, Poland beneath.

P.R. Zast doll mark ASK Poland in a triangle

 

Zwilling-Fox Doll Company 1950s-1960s (GER), made small Trachten-Puppen (costume dolls) in celluloid, doll mark  two terrier dogs playing tug of war Qualitäis Trachten-Puppen hang tag.

Zwilling-Fox doll mark tag two terrier dogs playing tug of war Qualitäis Trachten-Puppen

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