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Composition Doll Marks 1899 to 1950s

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Automata Dolls

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Boudoir Dolls

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ebay composition dolls for sale





















Composition Girl doll molded painted curly hair, painted eyes, cloth stuffed body, unmarked

Composition Girl doll 14" tall, molded painted curly hair, painted eyes, cloth stuffed body, unmarked, unknown USA doll maker.

To help identify your doll, you'll need to know what the doll marks, letters, words and numbers mean found on composition dolls that were made between 1899 to the early 1950s.


Composition doll's are basically made from a paste or "wood flour" of sawdust and glue, it is a heavy, dense material the coloring which can be almost white, gray or brown, hand and feet features are not as distinct as later hard plastic dolls, the doll was then airbrushed with oil paint and sealed. 


If no country is listed, doll was made in the USA. 

related Composition Doll Menu | Hard Plastic Doll Marks


Composition Dolls Marked with a Word or Letters


A - Averill, Ideal

ABC - A.B.C. Doll Shop by A.B. Cole, John & Lucinda McCourt

A.B.C. Toys - A.B.C. Toy Company

ABD Co. - American Bisque Doll Co.

A.C. or A.D.C. - American Character Doll Company

ACO, Inc. - Averill Company

Acorn symbol A.D.C. American Made - Acorn Doll Co.

Acorn symbol - Babs Mfg. Company

A & D - unknown doll American USA

ADAM - unknown carnival doll American USA

ADC intertwined - American Doll Co.,  Kewpie like dolls

A.D.C. American Made inside an acorn cap, - Acorn Doll

A.D.C. - American Doll Co.

A.D. Co. - American Doll and Toy Co., Aetna Doll Co.

A.D. CO - Madame Alexander Doll Co.

A.D.T., A.D.T. Co. - Atlas Doll & Toy Company, Chicago, IL

AE - Allied Grand Doll Manufacturing Co, Inc.

A.F. & C. Superior 2015 - A. Fleischmann & Cramer GER

AGDC - Allied Grand Doll Mfg. Co.

AIAX - The Toy Store, Sears Aunt Jemima doll

Aime - reproduction of antique doll body, doll maker ??

Alex. or Alexander - Alexander Doll Co.

A.M. - American Character, American Doll Co, Averill Doll,

           Armand Marseille (German)

A.M. © Co., AM. copyright Co, A.M. Co. - Averill Doll Co

AM Doll CO. - American Doll Co.

A.P. - Les Artas du Papier France

APEX - Brown & Richie, Daddy's Queen doll

AS - August Steiner German

AT, A T - possibly Atlas Doll & Toy Company

AX - Madame Alexander Doll Co, Molly-es

AZ - Alfredo Zellini dolls, Firenze, Italy, La Norina doll

Acme Toy or Toyshop - Acme Toy Co.

AMBISC - Louis Amberg & Son

Am. Char. or Amer. Char., -  America's Wonder Baby Dolls,

   America's Wonder Dolls - American Character Doll Co.

Amfelt - Louis Amberg, George Borgfeldt

AMUSO - August Möller & Sohn German

Alberani Milano - Alberani of Milano Italy

Angel symbol - Schilling & Zitzmann

Anne Shirley - Effanbee

ARCY - Arcy Toy Manufacturing Co.

Art Craft USA in an oval - 1918-1920 ArtCraft Toy Products   in 1921 became Art Playthings Corp.

Atlantic Toy Co - Atlantic Toy Company

Aug. 4, 1919 - unknown doll maker, wooden Walking Doll



B & B - Baker & Bennett Company

B.D.C., BDC Inc, BDCO - Bester Doll Company

BKB - Beers, Keeler, Bowman Company

BND - British National Doll England

Baby Blossom - Cameo Doll Co

Baby Brite - Averill Hendren

Baby Bumps - Horsman

Baby Hendren - Averill Doll mfg. Co.

Baby Joy - by Royal Toy Mfg. Co.

Baby Mine - Ideal

Baby Petite - American Character Doll Co.

Baby Sandy - Ralph A. Freundlich

Baby Violet - Abraham & Strauss Co

Baby Wobbles - Paramount Doll Company

Babyette - Effanbee Babyette doll

Bo-Peep American - The Baby Outfitters Company

Bottletot - American Character Doll Co.


British Made star symbol M - Britain unknown


C  with an o inside - American unknown

© copyright - unknown American doll maker

© 1924 M.N.S. copyright 1924 MNS - Horsman Ella Cinders doll

© B. Lipfert, By B. Lipfert - Ideal Snoozie doll

© By Grace Corry, copyright by Grace Corry - Averill, Little Brother doll & Sister doll

© D, copyright D - unknown, possibly Canada or USA

© F.D.P. Co. - Federal Doll Manufacturing Company

© Grace Storey Putnam  - copyright Grace Storey Putnam, Bye-Lo Baby doll, various distributors

© L, copyright L - unknown USA doll maker, WW I Nursedoll mark Circle X

Circle X, circle with an X inside - Arranbee Nancy, Alexander Princess Elizabeth, Vogue   Cynthia + others

C.D., C & D, C and D, C.D.C. - Century Doll, Doll Corp. of America

C.P.M. - Charles Perls Mfg. Co. (England)

CAPO - Non-breakable Toy Co.

Campbell Kids - American Character, Horsman

Charmo Toys Reg. U.S. Pat. Off. - Cameo Streak puppy dog

Commercial Toy Company Canada - mark on shoulder

Confetti Dolls - by Confetti Doll Co.


D&C, D & C - Dee and Cee, Diamond and Cone Doll CAN

DP or D.P. - Dora Petzold (German)

D.T.C., D.T.Co., D.T.CO. - Dominion Toy Mfg Co. Canada

DTMC, DTMCO - Dominion Toy Mfg Co. Canada

D.V. or Dee Vee - Davis & Voetsch - The Dee Vee Doll Co.

Darling - Irwin & Company

Dapper Dancing Dolls - S & H Novelty Doll Co.

DECO - Otto Denivelle, Averill, Effanbee Doll Co.

Deans Doll British - Dean's Rag Book Dolls

Dee an Cee - or Diamond and Cone Doll Co. Toronto, CAN

Dee and Cee or Dee & Cee - or Diamond & Cone, Canada

DEEandCee - Dee and Cee Toy Co. Canada

Des. Pat. 8-24-15 1914 Kate Silverman © - Maiden Toy

DIANA - metal head by Alfred Heller German

DOE - Ideal Doll & Toy Co.

DOLL CO. - Toddles by Vogue

Doll Corp. of America - also known as Century Doll Co.

Dolly Dimple Liverpool - Nunn & Smeed England

Domec - DOMEC Toy Co., merged with Century Doll Co & then became Doll Corp. of America

DOMINION SHIELD - Dominion Toy Mufg. Co. CAN

Drayton © - Grace Gebbie Weiderseim Drayton

   - Dolly Dingle doll, Bobby doll Sis doll, distributed by Averill

DRB Co, D.B.R. Co. Lo., DRBC - Dean's Rag Book Dolls

Dream Baby - Arranbee


Eagle Doll - Eagle Doll company

E.D. & T.M. Co. Inc. - Exposition Doll & Toy Mfg. Company

E.D.M.A. - European Doll Mfg. Co. Inc.

E. G. - Eugene Goldberger, Eegee

E. I. H. or  E. I. H.©1910 - Horsman

E.I..H. © A.D.C.,  E.I.H copyright A.D.C. - Horsman, Aetna

E.I.H. © A.D.C.o., E.I.H copyright A.D.Co. - Horsman, Aetna

E.I. © H.C. - Horsman (Baby Horsman)

E.I. HC2. INC. R.M.B. © 1929 - Horsman

E.I.H © Co. Inc. - Horsman - E.I.H. copyright Co. Inc.

EICO - Cohen & Sons (English)

EL - unknown USA doll maker, possibly Ellar

Elco - L. Cohen & Sons

Elektra T. NC NY. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

Elektra T. N. C. NY. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

ELITE - Elite Doll Co USA, also known as Elite Creations

Ellar - Ellar Novelty Co.

EM & S - Gebrüder Metzler & Orloff German

NENCo, (image looks like ENNCo) - New Era Novelty Co

ESCO - Sommer, E. L. & Company (rubber)

ET & N Co. or E. T. & N Co - Elektra Toy & Novelty Co

ETAN Co. N.Y. - Elektra Toy & Novelty Company

EUGENIA DOLL - Eugenia Doll Company


F - unknown American USA, possibly Effanbee or Fiberoid

F.A.D.F. - American Doll and Toy Company, Aetna Doll Co

Fam Doll Co - Fam Doll Company

Famlee - Berwick Doll Co, European Doll Mfg. Co.

FanB USA - Effanbee Doll Company

FB or F & B or F & B U.S.A. -Effanbee Doll Company

F + B - N.Y.  Dco, F + B Dco 6cj N.Y. - Effanbee Doll Co

© F.D.P Co. - Federal Doll Mfg. Company

Federal Doll Company - Federal Doll Mfg. Company

FEMA - Beck & Company

Fiberoid - Fiberoid Doll Products, Alexander, Borgfeldt,

               Domec, K & K, Mary Hoyer + others

Flexo Toys Pat. Applied For - Flexo Toys Corporation.

Florentine Toronto - Florentine Statuary Co. Canada

Fly-Lo Copyright G. S. Putnam - dist. by George Borgfeldt

Foreign 72-x2 - unknown, Europe, Japan, So. American?

FP - Frank Popper England

Freeman Toy, Toronto - Freeman Toy Co. Canada


G. B. - George Borgfeldt

GEM 401 - Gem Toy Company

Genuine Madame Hendren Doll - All

Genuine Twinkie Doll Copyr. 1916 Eye Pat. Twinkies Specialty - Ideal

Georgene Baby - Averill

Germany 971 - Just Me type doll, unknown

Gisela - Personality Doll, Spain

G.N. Co - German Novelty Company of New York City

GTC - Giltoy Company, Canada

GOLD DOLL - Eegee also known as Eugene Goldberger


Harriet © Flanders - Averill Doll Mfg. Co. (Little Cherub)

H.B. or H.B.C. - Hudson Bay Company Canada

H.B. Co. - Taiyo Trading Company, New York USA

H.B.P. - unknown USA doll maker

H © C. - Horsman - H copyright C.

H © Co. - Horsman - H copyright Co.

H. C. Q. - mfg. unknown USA, some distributed by Averill

HG on back BELLE CO 11 D 52 - unknown USA doll maker

Hollywood Doll - Hollywood Doll Mfg. Co.

Honey Child - American Doll Co.

Hotsy Totsy - Arthur Gerling Toy Co.

Howdy Dowdy Bob Smith - Cameo

Hug Me or Hug-Me - Gem Toy Co, Regal Doll Mfg.

Hug Me Kiddie Pal Dolly - Regal Doll Mfg.


IDC - Imperial Doll Company

IDL Made in England - unknown England doll maker

I.N. & T. CO. - Ideal Novelty & Toy Co.

ISCO - Indestructible Specialties Co.

IT - Louis Amberg & Son, Horsman

J (backwards) - WWI Nurse doll unknown USA doll maker

JK or J. & K. - Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler, USA & GER

JKF - possibly Jacobs & Kassler, USA & GER

Jedco - Jeanette Doll Company, see Ralph A. Freundlich

Jiminy Cricket W.D. PR KN.T. Co. USA © - Knickerbocker

Joy Des. & Copyright by J.L. Kallus - Cameo

Just-Lyk - Natural Doll Company

JUNO - metal head by Karl Standfuss German 


K & K or K & KX - K and K Toy Company

KB - Kellow & Brown Company

K.S., K & S - unknown American USA doll maker

Kanko - Albert Kahn & Company

Keeneye - Victor Keney

Kewpie - Cameo Doll Co designed by artist Rose O'Neill

Kewtie, Kewty - Arranbee

Kiddiejoy, Kiddie Joy - Hitz, Jacobs & Kassler

Kiddie Pal or Kiddie Pal Dolly or Kinky - Regal Doll Mfg.

Kiddykin - Charles Perls Manufacturing Company, England

Kurly Head - Arranbee Doll Co.


L - Lackenmacher or Lakenmacher Company NY, USA

L. A. & S. - Louis Amberg & Son

L. A. S. - Louis Amberg & Son

L. C. - Laurie Cohen, Australia

L. D. Co. - unknown USA doll maker

L. S. & S. - Louis Amberg & Son

LM & S - unknown USA doll & tin toy maker

L.Q.D. - L.Q.D. Company

LW & CO - Toddling Toodles doll by Louis Wolf & Co..

Lambkins, © Lambkins - Effanbee

Life-Like Doll or Lyf-Lyk doll - Averill Madame Hendren

Lignumfibro - New Toy Mfg Co

Lil Sis - Toy Products Mfg. Co.

Lili - with hair loop for a ribbon, unknown American maker


M 16 - Louis Amberg & Son, George Borgfeldt

M & S - M & S Shillman

M.A.T. - Maiden America Toy Mfg. Co.

M.B.C. - Beehler Arts Doll Co.

M.D.C. - Modern Doll Company

MD & T C NY - Modern Doll & Toy Company

M.T.C. DOLLS or M.T. Co. - Modern Toy Company

M.V.D. - Moo-V-Doll Mfg. Company

Madame Alexander - Alexander Doll Company

Madame Hendren - Averill Mfg. Co. trade name

Made in Belgium - UNICA, probably others too

Made in U.S.A. Newbisc - New Toy Mfg Co

Mae Starr Doll - Effanbee

Mark - unknown American USA, 1920s walking doll

Martianna composition doll - unknown doll maker

METRO CO., METRO DOLL - Metropolitan Toy & Doll Co

Midolly DOLLS - New Toy Mfg. Company


N - 4 - the 4 is backward, unknown USA doll maker

N.D. or ND Co © 1922 - Natural Doll Co.

N.D. Co for JMR Co -  Natural Doll Co.

N.T.I. - Nottingham Doll Mfg. Co. England

NAJO - National Joint Limb Doll Co.

Nancy - Arranbee Doll Co.

NATIONAL DOLL CO - National Doll Company

Nenco - New Era Novelty Co.

Newbisc The World's Doll - New Toy Manufacturing Co

Nibur inside a diamond - Nibur Novelty Co.

NINI KASPA - Julius Bernhold France

Nunsuch - Numm & Smeed England

Nutoi in a diamond, Made in U.S.A., Newbisc - New Toy Mfg.


Oteecee - Original Toy Company cloth dolls


© P.P.P., copyright P.P.P., P. Puppet - Peter Puppet Playthings

PA - unknown American USA doll maker

P.M. - unknown American USA doll maker

P.P. or P.P.N.Z. - Plastic Products made in New Zealand

Paramount Doll C - Paramount Doll Company

Pat Appld. - Horsman & Lu Jon twist waist black dolls

Pat App'ld For - 24" Patsy type twist waist, Horsman ?

Pat. Apr. 12-21 - Berwick's Famlee dolls

Pat Pending Gerling Toy Co - Arthur Gerling Toy Co.

Pat. Pending - Unknown USA, Wondercraft Co. (swing n' Sway doll)

Patent In The USA, Other Patents Pending, Patents Applied For In Other Countries - 30336 on leg Coleman walking doll

Patent Pending - Effanbee

Perfect Made in Canada - Perfect Doll Company Canada

Perfect - Perfect Toy Manufacturing Company USA

Pete Des. & Copyright by J.L. Kallus - Cameo

Petite, A Petite Doll, Petite Sally - American Character

Petite America's Wonder Baby Dolls - American Char.

Pinocchio W. Disney Prods. Made in U.S.A. - Crown Toy

Phyllis - Bouton-Woolf Co., Inc.

PL - Natural Doll Company

Plastex - Palitoy Company

Playmate - George Borgfeldt

Plaything - Famous Plaything Co. or Plaything Novelty & Toy Co.

Princess - Unbreakable Doll Company

Princess Ann - Princess Ann Doll Company

Princess Elizabeth - Alexander

PULLAN - Earle Pullan Doll Company Canada

Puzzy c H.O.F.P. USA - House of Puzzy H. Cohan


Quaker Lity, Quaker Quality - Quaker Doll Co.

Quan Quan of California - made unmarked Oriental dolls


R - (on lower back) Unknown American

R & B - Arranbee

R & B Doll Co - Tony Sarg Mammy doll sold by Borgfeldt

R B Dolls - Barron Reisman

R.B.L. - Roth, Baitz & Lipsitz

RCA Radiotrons - Cameo

R F L (inside a 3 leaf clover) - on some dolls by Averill Co.

R. T. Mfg. Co. - distributed by Averill Mfg Co.

Regal - Regal Toy Mfg Co. USA

Reliable Canada, Reliable Made in Canada - Reliable Toy

Ritzy, Chubby Baby Dolls - Natural Doll Co. 

Rosebud - Horsman

Royal - Royal Doll Mfg.


SD - Standard Doll Company

S & Co. - David & Voetsch Co.

S.K. Novelty - S. Kirsch & Co.

S.T. - Shirley Temple made in Japan

Sally Petite - American Character

Sayco - Schoen & Yondorf

Seco - Strauss, Eckhardt & Co.

Shirley Temple + a number - Ideal

Sico, Sicora - Loeffler & Diller Co. or Eduard Schmidt

Sizzy c H.O.F.P. USA - House of Puzzy H. Cohan

Skippy © O. L. Crosby - Effanbee Doll Company

Skookum Bully Good Indian - Arrow Novelty Company

S'Kooter Kid - New Era Novelty Company

Streak Des & Copyr. Jos. L Kallus - Cameo Streak puppy dog

Sugar Baby - Effanbee Doll Company

Sunshine Line - Century, Marseille German, Sears


T-23 - Ideal

T & P Co. - Toy Products Mfg. Co.

The Emma Doll - possibly Jane Gray Company

T.S. - The Toy Shop

TS 156 - Louis Amberg & Son

T.T. Co. - Horsman Uncle Sam's Kids, Kanko dolls by Albert Kahn

TTT - Tip Top Toy Co.

The Judy Girl - Regal Doll Mfg. Co.

The Mary Hoyer Doll - Mary Hoyer Doll Company

The New Toy Co. - New Toy Manufacturing Co.

Timpo Toy - Toy Importers Ltd. of England

Timpo Toys - Toy Importers Ltd. of England

Tobie Copyright 1932 - unknown USA doll maker

Toddles - Atlas Doll & Toy Company, Chicago, ILL. USA

Toodles - American Bisque Dolls (a paper label)

Tootse - dist. by Butler Brothers

Toy Company - Acme Toy Co.

Toy Products Mfg. Co. - Toy Shop

Triangle symbol on back - unknown, possibly German

Trion - Trion Toy Co, some dolls were distributed by Averill

Trulie - Permolin Products

Tum Tum - Fleming Doll Co.


U ©, U copyright symbol - Uneeda Doll Co.

U.S. Patent 1621434 1793395 - Ideal 1927 Cuddles doll

U.S.A. - Averill, Effanbee, Ideal

Uneeda - Uneeda Doll Co.

UNIS - Union National Inter Syndicale France


V - same hair loop doll as marked Lilie, unknown USA

V inside a diamond - composition, cloth doll, USA

V.K. - Vera Kent (Australia)

Vanity - Mama doll by an unknown USA doll maker


W & W - unknown, pos.Wislizenus & Wernicke after 1931

W.D. - Walt Disney

W.D. Co or WDC - unknown USA, probably Well Made Doll

W.D. & T. Mfg. Co. Los Angeles - Western Doll & Toy Co

W-K-S INC - Victor Keney - boudoir dolls - Keeneye

WMD, WMDC, W.M.D., W.M.D.C. - Well Made Doll Co.

W.O.L. or WOL-CAL - Giltoy Company Canada

"We" Dolls - Toy Products Mfg. Company


YamaYama Doll - New Era Toy & Novelty Company

Yankee Doll - Mitred Box Co.


Zaiden - Colonial Toy Manufacturing Company

Zenith - unknown doll maker


Composition Dolls Marked with Numbers


2 backward or S - Ideal Baby Coo's doll

3 O B - carnival doll maker unknown American, USA

7c - Effanbee

8 - Bester Doll Company

13 USA - Arranbee, Ideal Doll & Toys, Madame Alexander, Vogue

15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21 (backward), 23, 24 - Ideal Doll & Toys

16 - George Borgfeldt

16 USA - Arranbee, Ideal, Madame Alexander, Vogue

17 - Jane Withers doll by Alexander, Shirley Temple by Ideal

- 18, minus 18, Arranbee Taffy doll

20 - Eegee, Goldberger Baby Charming walking doll

20* - 20 asterisk - unknown USA doll maker

21 - unknown American USA doll marker

24 - Effanbee Baby Huggins doll

27c - thought to be Effanbee

34 - Averill - Madame Hendren, Effanbee Grumpy doll

50 - Armand Marseille (German)

52 - Effanbee

54 - Effanbee

56, 58 DECO - Effanbee

60 - Bester Doll Co.

70 - Effanbee Betty Bounce doll, Tiny Tad doll

72 - Averill Dutch Girl, Effanbee's Betty Bounce doll

102 - unknown USA, Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll look a like

104 - Effanbee 1915 Smiling Grumpy doll

105 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll

106 backward - F & B Aunt Dinah black doll, Grumpy doll

108 - Effanbee Smiling Grumpy doll

109 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll look a like, unknown USA

116 - Effanbee Billy Boy doll

118 - Horsman Our Baby doll

124N - Effanbee

156 - Alexander Doll Co.

144 - Effanbee Baby Bright Eyes doll

144 - Kämmer & Reinhardt; My Darling doll German

152, 156, 158 - Effanbee 1915 Johnny Jones doll

162, 166 - Effanbee Pouting Bess doll

172 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll, Baby Snowball doll

174 - Effanbee Baby Grumpy doll

200 upside down - Horsman doll

201 - Effanbee Brick Bodkins doll

203 - composition older looking man doll USA, unknown

240 - Baby Phyllis Doll Co.

277 - Century Doll Co.

281 - Century Doll Co.

301 - S.F.B.J. = Société Française de Fabrication de Bébés & Jouets (France) bisque head composition body doll

302 - unknown USA doll maker

303 - Effanbee

334 - Effanbee, Käthe Kruse German

353 - Standard Specialty Company

364 - Effanbee 1915 Billy Boy doll

387 - unknown possibly;  Amberg, Denivelle, F & B, Mitred

400 - Armand Marseille German

401 - Gem Toy Co.

455 - Effanbee

462 - Effanbee Miss Coquette doll

494 - Louis Amberg & Son Pouty Pets doll

542 - Armand Marseille German

574 - Louis Amberg & Son Curly Locks doll

784 - Louis Amberg & Son Boy Doll

802 - thought to be Effanbee

803 - Kämmer & Reinhardt composition doll (German)

812 - Patsy type, unknown German doll maker

1124 - Bester Doll Company

136167 - Jay Rue Novelty - Monko US Patent design no.

1221970, April 10, 1917 - Babs Walking Doll patent

1252469, January 8, 1918 - S. Marcus patent for celluloid eyes

1269056, June 11, 1918 - Louis Amberg & Son Walking Doll patent

1283558, 1918 - F & B Lovums patent, 1925+ Patsy dolls

162143412 179 33 - Ideal Cuddles doll US patent number

1763930, 1796997 - Victor Keney boudoir doll patent


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