creche 1880s baby Jesus doll wax face
Creche 1880s wax baby Jesus doll face

Antique Wax Dolls & Doll Makers 1800+

Some of the oldest known existing examples of dolls have been found made of wax,  There are three basic types of wax dolls.  Ancient-1800s Poured Wax Dolls are made of tinted wax, hair is inserted into the head, have molded eyelids, realistic facial modeling and hollow poured limbs, sometimes marked on shoulder plate. 

1800-1900s Wax Over Dolls are made of clear wax, molded hair or wigged, no molded eyelids and solid limbs.  1860-1890 Reinforced Wax Dolls are made of tinted wax, wigged, molded eyelids, realistic facial modeling and hollowed poured limbs.

American Wax Doll Makers Identified

Dominico Checkeni wax multi face dolls 1866-1885
  – doll mark Prosopotrope, Patented Feb. 20, 1866, 
manufactured and sold by Ozias Morse, West Acton,
Mass, sole agent for Patentees.
Charles Dummig wax dolls 1848-1865
   – doll mark No. 812 Chestnut St., Philadelphia, PA
Ellis, Britton & Eaton wax dolls 1858-1925+
   – Co-Operative Mfg. Co, Vermont Novelty Co.
Phillip Goldsmith wax over composition dolls 1885+
– doll mark Pat. Dec. 15, 1885 
Rebecca Johnson wax dolls 1887 USA
  – cloth head dipped in wax dolls
C. F. Lauer wax dolls 1842-1888+ NYC, USA
  – an importer, distributor to USA, Europe of all material of dolls 

Gladys MacDowell wax doll artist 1940s-1970s
Martin & Rippel wax dolls 1881-1883
   – renamed National Doll & Novelty Company 1883+
Mary McEwen wax over composition head 1910-1930s
Oates Wax Studio wax figurine dolls 1927-1928
Elizabeth Scantlebury wax dolls 1920s NYC, USA
Minna Moschersch Schmidt dolls 1923-1930s
  – wax portrait, wax historical dolls
Lewis Sorensen artist wax dolls 1934-1985
Antonio Vargas wax dolls 1915-1920
William Augustus Webber dolls 1882-1885
  –  wax over composition head singing doll

Pierotti 1870s wax doll 13″ face
Montanari Princess Royal wax doll 24″ face
1900s Hambley's wax poured doll 19" face
Hambleys 1900s poured wax doll 19″ face

English Wax Doll Makers Identified

Frederic Aldis wax dolls 1878-1901
– wax dolls some with Pierotti heads, limbs, glass eyes,
some with inset hair, cloth body.
– doll mark Dolls, Toys & Games F. Aldis
11 & 13 Belgrave Mansions SW
Thomas Aldred wax dolls 1881-1903
– wax dolls, some with Pierotti heads
Anthony Bazzoni wax dolls 1828-1878
– wax and composition dolls
S. Coleman wax dolls prior to 1867
 – doll mark label Nos. 6, 7, 11, 12, & 26, Ground Floor
Pantheon, Oxford Street Entrance
Joseph H. Evans & Sons wax dolls 1868-1881
– doll mark 114 – 115 – 116 Newgate St. London
   wax head dolls, cloth body with ink stamp
C. Gooch wax dolls made by Charles Marsh 1865+
– doll mark C. Gooch Soho Bazaar Chas. Marsh
Mad Alice wax doll
Charles Marsh wax doll mark 1865-1914 ENG
– Chas. Marsh Manufacturer, cleaned & repaired dolls
  31 & 32 Corinthian Bazaar Argyll St. London, Soho Bazaar
Herbert John Meech wax dolls 1865-1917

Mme. Augusta Montanari wax dolls 1851-1884
   – Montanari, 251 Regent St. & 180 Soho Bazaar
 – Montanari, 13 Charley St., Soho Sqr. London
Horace W. & Charles Morrell wax dolls 1870-1930
– doll mark Morrell 164 Oxford Street London
   Charles Morrell 368 Oxford Street London W.
   Charles Morrell 50 Burlington Arcade London
J. Peacock dolls wax, composition dolls 1862-1889
– doll mark 525 New Oxford St. London, W.C.
Lucy Peck wax dolls 1893-1922
– doll mark 156 Regent Street London W
Pierotti wax dolls 1770-1942
– doll mark Pierotti
Roncorone beeswax dolls 1800s
Santy Inventor waxed dolls 1860
– doll mark 340 Long Room Soho Bazaar London
Slit Head wax dolls ca. 1850-60 various English makers
Edward Smith wax dolls 1880s
– doll mark Edward Smith The City Toy Shop
  8 Cheap Side London, E. C.
John Tinkler wax doll mark E. Tinkler 1880s London
Charles Edward Turnbull wax dolls 1872-1935+ 
– importer of dressed dolls from France, Germany

Shop for dolls
Shop for Wax antique dolls

French Wax Doll Makers Identified

Pandores, Grandes Pandores 1300-1800s
– wood or wax French fashion manikin doll,
Grandes Pandores is a large, life size manikin doll
Au Paradis Des Enfants 1864-1925
– distributor of various dolls, cloth dolls, wax dolls,
China head dolls. doll mark label – 156 Rué de Rivoli, Paris, Rue du Louvre, No. 1, large famous Paris Department store
Th. Desrosiers wax dolls 1867-1881
– by 1881 Assuérus & Desrosiers, wax heads of children, wax crèche figures, wax infant Jesus figures.

Lafitte & Désirat dolls 1900-1920
– museum quality wax dolls dressed in the latest Paris fashions for display and exhibits.
Maison Vve. Munnier dolls 1834-1863
– succeeded by Benon & Cie in 1863, then Guiton until 1890s
made wax over composition Motschmann type dolls mark
Aux Enfants Sages Passage Jouffroy, Nos. 13 & 17 Paris

German Wax Doll Makers Identified

Fritz Bartenstein multi face wax dolls 1880-1905
Max Carl & Co wax dolls 1891-1905
Bernhard Fischer wax Taufling dolls 1864-1911
Gebrüder Haag doll mark Biskuit – Imitation 1878-1925+
 – washable, wax, molded wax dolls
Georg Hoffmann wax dolls 1895+ Rauenstein
Leopold Illfelder wax doll heads on cloth or kid 1874+
Kammer & Reinhardt wax dolls 1886+
Kestner wax over papier mache dolls 1860+
Julius Leuthausser Täuflings wax dolls 1864 -1926

Amandus Michaelis & Co wax dolls 1870-1930s
– leather, papier mache, Täufling, wax dolls
Andreas Müller wax dolls 1887+ Sonneberg, Coburg
Lotte Pritzel wax head art dolls 1908-1920s
G. Schmey wax dolls 1895+
Heinrich Steiner wax dolls 1895-1912
Zeuch & Lausmann wax dolls 1895+
Paul Richard Zierow wax dolls 1882-1932
– doll marks PZ, Puppen-Zierow Mein Augenstern

Other countries wax dolls are: 1880s Vienna, Austria Josef Kubelka doll mark 4 Bte SGDG wax over porcelain doll heads, 1893 Mexico and Spain Ecuador, Herrera Y Hoyo wax dolls.

The Collector’s Encyclopedia of Dolls books (1800-1925) vol. I in 1968, (1800-1930) vol. II in1986 by Dorothy S., Elizabeth A. and Evelyn J. Coleman, Pollock’s Dictionary of English Dolls book in 1982 by Mary Hillier.