Carnival and Novelty Dolls 1912+
Carnival dolls were advertised as prizes given at carnival’s and fairs made by various early American doll makers, many, most, of these dolls are unmarked. Carnival dolls range from small to large 31″ tall, with a composition character head on bodies of cloth, composition or a combination. Early dolls may even bare a resemblance to bisque headed German dolls. Carnival dolls can be baby dolls, boy or girl dolls, dolls dressed as Base Ball players, Bathing Girls, Bellboys, Boy Scouts, Clowns, Students, Cowboys or Cowgirls, Firemen, Jockeys, Nurses, Policemen, Rough Riders, Sailors, Snookums, Snookey Ookum Baby, Soldiers, Uncle Sam, YamaYama, comedian Charlie Chaplin and others.
Celluloid, chalk ware or composition dolls include Bathing Beauties, Chubbies, Cherubs and Kewpies, Comic Characters and Vamp figurines.
Some of the carnival doll makers are American Doll Company, George Borgfeldt, Central Doll Mfg. Company, Effanbee Doll Company, Electra Toy & Novelty, Gem Toy Company, Eugene Goldberger (Eegee), Fair & Carnival Supply Company, Fair & Carnival Trading Company, Ed. Hahn Company; Novelties Notions Jewelry, Holiday Novelty Company, Modern Doll & Toy Company, Morris Politzer Doll Company, New Era Novelty Company (NENCO), New Era Novelty Co., Royal Doll & Toy Company, A. Steinhardt & Brothers, Star Toy & Novelty, Tip Top Toy and probably others.
Known distributors of carnival dolls are Baltimore Bargain House, Butler Brothers, Henry Fabricius Toy & Novelty Company, M. Gerber Brothers Company and Singer Brothers Company, plus others.