Composition dolls 1907-1950s

Composition dolls were made by American, English, French, German and Japan doll makers.  Early composition dolls were made from glue, glycerin, zinc oxide and Japanese wax, it is a heavy and dense material, the coloring can be almost white, gray or brown.  Each doll manufacturer kept their exact composition “recipe” a secret. 

About 1916 doll makers began using ground-up sawdust, also called wood flour which made a much lighter doll, the doll was then airbrushed with oil paint.  Composition heads were also described by American doll makers, as “unbreakable” opposed to German bisque doll heads that dominated the doll market, prior to World War I which began in 1914 to 1918.

Dream World dolls 1930s-50s
Dress Me dolls 1944+

Edmund Edelmann 1921-33
Eegee Doll Co 1917-1980
Effanbee Doll Company F & B
1910s  | 1920s | 1930s | 1940s
Eugenia Doll Co 1943-1953

Ralph A. Freundlich 1929-1945 

Hamburger dolls 1889-1910
Hedwig de Angeli 1940s (Hoyer)
Hollywood Doll Co 1941-1956
Horsman 1904-1929 | 1930-40s
Mary Hoyer Doll 1925-1970s

Ideal dolls 1906-1939 | 1940s
Sybil Jason dolls 1935-1940s

K & K Toy Co 1915-30s
Kiesewetter dolls 1907+
Knickerbocker dolls 1925-83

Mama dolls 1918+
Armand Marseille 1885-50s
Mollyes Doll Co 1929-70s
Monica Doll Studio 1941-52
Morimura Nippon dolls 1915+
Nancy Ann Storybook 1936-68

Oriental, Asian dolls 1400+

Paris Doll Corp 1940s-56
Patsy types dolls 1928+
Earle Pullan Doll Co 1945-67

Quaddy Playthings 1916-20

Jessie M. Raleigh dolls 1916-20
Regal Doll Co 1919-1940
Reliable Dolls 1920-1940s
Roberta Doll Co 1940s-1970s 
Royal Doll Mfg Co 1914-1977

Sayco dolls 1922-1960s
Schoenau & Hoffmeister 1901-53
Sears happi-time dolls 1901-67
Sewing mannequin 1938-50s
PD Smith dolls 1913-1922
Spiegel dolls 1933+
Strobel & Wilken 1864-30

Terri Lee dolls 1946-1962
Tip Top Toy dolls 1912-21
Trego dolls 1918-1921

Uneeda Doll Co 1917-1961
Vogue Doll Co 1922-1972 
Western Doll & Toy 1918-20

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Composition dolls on this page – 3 In 1 Dolls, Abrahams & Straus Company, Acorn dolls, American Ocarina & Toy, American Toy & Doll, Arcy Toy, Baby Phyllis Doll Company, Lilli & Roman Baitz, Baker & Bennett Company, Best & Co, Bester Doll Company, Baltimore Bargain House, Berwick The Fam Dolls, Jack Bouton dolls, Bouton-Woolf dolls, Emma Bristol dolls, Herman Cohen, L. Cohen dolls, Colonial Doll & Toy Company, Columbia Doll & Toy, Comic character dolls, Confetti dolls, Crown Toy Company, Dollcraft Novelty, Dollparts & Supply, Eureka Doll Co, Elektra, Exposition dolls, Famous Doll Studio, Inc., Gem Toy Company, Halco Dolls, Herby, Hoo Choy Chinese Goddess of Good Luck dolls, Joy Doll Products, L D dolls, M & S Shillman, E. Maar & Sohn, Magic Light Products, Maxine dolls, Metropolitan dolls, Mitred dolls, Modern Doll Company, National Doll Co, Natural Doll Co. New Era Novelty Company, Nibur Doll Co, Penn Stuffed Toy Company, Perfect Toy dolls, Quaker Quality dolls, Quan Quan dolls, Santa Claus doll, Superior dolls, Tajimi Trading dolls, Taiyo Trading dolls, Trion Toy.