Heinrich and Minna Handwerck dolls were produced in Waltershausen, Thüringia, Germany beginning in 1876 until they were purchased by Kammer & Reinhardt in 1902. After Heinrich Sr. passed away at the young age of 44, Heinrich Handwerck Jr. re-founded the factory in 1921 in Gotha near Waltershausen.
K & R continued to produce the Handwerck doll molds until at least 1932, between that time period they added “oHG” to the marking.
Handwerck’s bisque doll heads were designed by Handwerck, but produced by Simon & Halbig and are of high quality and fine workmanship which continued under the K & R ownership.
Heinrich Handwerck is probably best known for their Bébé dolly faced bisque head child dolls and babies, kid or composition jointed bodies, they also produced some celluloid dolls, too.
Eight pointed star + French or German words, Baby Cut, Bébé Cosmopolite, Bébé de Recalme, Bébé Superior, Made in Germany +an upside down horseshoe + Hch # H, HH, HHW, HW, Germany + HANDWERCK + Halbig, Elaine dolls, LaBelle, LaBonita and Lotti, a Lady doll ink body mark stamp D. R. Patent No. 100297 in 1897 with a Simon & Halbig doll head mold 1159.
Note: The Bébé Cosmopolite doll – only the 18″ tall doll marked Germany, Heinrich Handwerck, Simon & Halbig 1, was used for Lettie Lane’s actual doll, a mail in premium from magazine subscriptions from the Lettie Lane paper doll series in the Ladies Home Journal 1911. Kestner doll mold 171 in 18″ was also used.